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Young Workers Leave PA Workforce

The IFO published a new research brief that examines the age composition of the PA workforce using the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Since the onset of the pandemic, the data show significant reductions in workforce participation rates for workers under age 35. Workforce participation rates declined for older workers too, but contractions were notably more moderate.

Tags: brief, reduction, research, worker

Budget Impact of 2023 Wage Contracts

This research brief provides a preliminary estimate of the budget impact if the terms of the newly ratified AFSCME collective bargaining agreement (CBA) apply to all CBAs reviewed by the IFO, as well as management and non-represented workers.

08/14/2023

Inflation's Impact on Earnings and Pensions

This research brief uses recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to compute the impact of unusually high inflation on real average hourly earnings of Pennsylvania workers and a typical SERS-PSERS annuitant.

07/31/2023

Young workers Leave PA Workforce

The IFO published a new research brief that examines the age composition of the PA workforce using the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Since the onset of the pandemic, the data show significant reductions in workforce participation rates for workers under age 35. Workforce participation rates declined for older workers too, but contractions were notably more moderate.

12/08/2022

Where Did the workers Go?

This research brief updates a prior release in August 2022 to show data for more recent months and new demographic projections from the IFO’s Demographic Outlook report. The IFO published a research brief that examines the factors that caused the PA labor force to contract by 120,000 workers since the start of the pandemic. The updated research brief focuses on the interaction between recent and projected demographic trends and the contraction of the state labor force.  

10/25/2022

Is the Student Loan Moratorium Impacting Employment?

The federal student loan moratorium enters its third year. The IFO posted a research brief that examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (and related federal policies) on payroll employment and employment-to-population ratios by age group. Despite record-level job openings, the latest data for 2021 Q2 show the largest relative reductions for young workers, many of whom have student loans. By contrast, early retirements appear to have played a smaller role in decades-low labor force participation rates.

03/08/2022

Inflation Eroding Real Wages and Pension Benefits

The IFO published a new research brief that examines the impact of inflation on the real earnings of Pennsylvania workers and the real value of public pension benefits.

10/19/2021

PA Economy League Presentation

In partnership with the Pennsylvania Economy League, Director Matthew Knittel and Deputy Director Brenda Warburton will make multiple presentations on raising the state minimum wage to $12.00 per hour. The presentation examines the proposed minimum wage’s impact on employment, worker incomes, prices and state spending.

05/01/2019

Analysis of Recent Collective Bargaining Agreements

Pursuant to section 604-B(a)(8) of the Administrative Code of 1929, the Independent Fiscal Office has prepared a cost analysis of the collective bargaining agreements between the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the following six unions: Correctional Institution Vocational Education Association (CIVEA) Federation of State Cultural and Educational Professionals (FOSCEP) Office and Professional Employees International Union (OPEIU), Healthcare Pennsylvania PA State Education Association (PSEA), Non-Tenured Teachers Service Employees International Union (SEIU), Healthcare Pennsylvania United Food and Commercial workers (UFCW)

01/12/2017

Revenue-Proposal-Analysis-2019-03.pdf

Tax Credit ................................................................................................... 9 Raising the Minimum Wage .................................................................................................... 11 Minimum Wage Across States ........................................................................................................ 12 Recent Minimum Wage Studies ...................................................................................................... 14 Workers Affected by a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ....................................................................... 19 Businesses Affected by a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ................................................................... 22 Employment Impact from a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ............................................................... 23 Income Effects for Affected Workers .............................................................................................. 25 General Price Impact ..................................................................................................................... 26 Impact on General Fund Revenues ................................................................................................. 28 Impact on State and Local Government Expenditures ...................................................................... 29 Income Mobility of

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Revenue-Proposal-Analysis-2020-04.pdf

the Minimum Wage .................................................................................................... 17 Minimum Wage Across States ........................................................................................................ 18 Recent Minimum Wage Studies ...................................................................................................... 20 Border County Comparison ............................................................................................................ 23 Workers Affected by a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ....................................................................... 25 Employment Impact from a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ............................................................... 27 Income Effects for Affected Workers .............................................................................................. 28 General Price Impact ..................................................................................................................... 30 Impact on State and Local Government Expenditures ...................................................................... 32 Impact on Tipped Workers ............................................................................................................. 37 Moving from a $12

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PBB_2022_DLI_REPORT.pdf

23 Activity 5: Apprenticeship and Training Office ..................................................................................... 27 Activity 6: Vocational Rehabilitation .................................................................................................... 31 Activity 7: Disability Determination ..................................................................................................... 35 Activity 8: Workers’ Compensation Administration ............................................................................... 39 Activity 9: Workers’ Comp. Adjudication and Appeals .......................................................................... 45 Activity 10: State Workers’ Insurance Fund ......................................................................................... 47 Activity 11: Occupational and Industrial Safety ................................................................................... 49 Activity

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Revenue_Proposal_Analysis_2021_04.pdf

Wage .................................................................................................... 25 Proposal Highlights ....................................................................................................................... 25 Raising the Minimum Wage ........................................................................................................... 26 Minimum Wage Across States ....................................................................................................... 26 Recent Minimum Wage Studies ..................................................................................................... 28 Workers Affected by a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage ....................................................................... 29 Employment Impact from a $12 per Hour Minimum Wage................................................................ 32 Income Effects for Affected Workers .............................................................................................. 35 Impact on State Government Expenditures ..................................................................................... 39 Impact on Tipped Workers ............................................................................................................. 41 Moving from a $12 to $15 per Hour

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Revenue-Proposal-Analysis-2018-04.pdf

Income Tax ........................................................................................ 3 Natural Gas Severance Tax ....................................................................................... 7 Raising the Minimum Wage ....................................................................................... 15 Minimum Wage Across States ................................................................................. 16 Workers Directly Affected by a Higher Minimum Wage ........................................... 19 Potential Employment Impact of a Higher Minimum Wage ...................................... 22 Income Effects for Affected Workers ........................................................................ 24 Potential Implications for General Fund Revenues .................................................. 26 A Final Note: The Latest Research on Minimum Wage ............................................ 29 - This page intentionally left

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RB-2015-04.pdf

data from the Current Population Survey published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to estimate the number of workers who would be directly or potentially affected by the proposal. It then uses responsiveness or elasticity parameters from the U.S. Congressional Budget Of Ðice to determine the number of workers who may receive a higher wage and those who may lose employment. The Independent Fiscal Of Ðice issues this research

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2013_special_report_funding_and_reforming_public_employee_retirement_systems.pdf

Commission was created to advise the administration and the legislature regarding pension issues, and the staff welcomes the opportunity to work with any interested parties in developing solutions to the problems that now confront the Commonwealth. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY - 1 - I. INTRODUCTION the profits of shareholders. Governments are funded by taxpayers, and every dollar spent comes from the people who live and work in this Commonwealth, and who are themselves suffering from the effects of the recession. It is imperative that effective action

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ACN_SB1_A01354_A01558_2017_06_03a.pdf

the IFO selected an enrolled actuary (Milliman, Inc.) to prepare the actuarial note, and a copy of the actuary’s work product follows page 33 of this transmittal document. In addition, this transmittal includes attached cost notes and supplemental letters prepared changes proposed in the amendments to Senate Bill 1. Introduction Employers offer pension plans to attract and retain employees because workers place a relatively high premium on retirement security. Public sector employers may offer defined benefit (DB) or de- fined contribution

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PBB_2022_DHS_REPORT_ADDENDUM.pdf

Long-Term Care.......................................................................................................... 29 Activity 4: Adult Protective Services.................................................................................................... 31 Activity 5: Licensing and Inspections .................................................................................................. 35 Activity 6: Child Care Works ............................................................................................................... 37 Activity 7: Quality Child Care ............................................................................................................. 43 Activity 7: Quality Child Care (Addendum) .......................................................................................... 49 Activity 8: Early Intervention ............................................................................................................. 51 Activity to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they

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Revenue_Proposal_Analysis_2023_05.pdf

No other state offers a tax credit for newly certified and employed professionals. However, some states offer tax credits for workers in specific fields. As these programs are relatively new, no studies are available to assess their effectiveness. These tax credits The New Mexico 2022 Nurse’s Credit was a one-time $1,000 tax credit available to all hospital nurses working full time in the state throughout TY 2022. 5 Based on historical certification data supplied by the applicable agencies and

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Five_Year_Outlook_2021.pdf

to the counterfactual without a pandemic. Some of those gains are real (e.g., higher profit margins, gains from remote working) and some are inflationary (e.g., permanently higher car prices, in- flated stock market). The remainder of this report provides and is pro- jected to decline 0.4% per annum in the near term and in the long term. ▪ The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) declined 0.1% per annum from 2010 to 2020 and is pro- jected to

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Five_Year_Outlook_2022.pdf

254,000 from 2020 to 2030: 128,000 in the near term and 126,000 in the long term. ▪ The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) decreased 38,000 from 2010 to 2020 and is projected to contract by 392 by the IFO. Table 2.2 Components of Pennsylvania Population Change By Time Period Demographic Outlook | Page 7 Dependency Ratios Working-age residents remit the majority of state tax revenues that support dependents who attend school and elderly residents who require

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Five_Year_Outlook_2020.pdf

same rate in the near term but slightly more in the long term (-0.7 percent per annum).  The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) declined 0.5 percent per annum from 2015 to 2020 and is projected to to their home state, some secure employment and remain in the state. Section 2: Demographic Outlook | Page 7 Dependency Ratios Working-age residents remit the majority of state tax revenues that support dependents attending school and elderly residents who require dedicated

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Five_Year_Outlook_2019.pdf

5 percent per annum) and then contract an additional 64,000 (-0.4 percent per annum).  The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) is projected to contract by 154,000 (-0.4 percent per an- num) and then contract impact the revenue and expenditure projections included in this report. For example:  The forecast projects that the working-age population (age 20 to 64) will contract from 2020 to 2025 (-204,000, -2.8 percent cumulative). If labor force participation

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RB_2021_01_Economic_Impact_of_Federal_Stimulus.pdf

vaccines and testing, support to hospitals, enhanced UC payments (extra $600 per week, compensation for self-employed and gig economy workers) and direct and general support to state and local governments. 2) Lost Wage Assistance (LWA) Program In August 2020, the government enacted expanded UC programs to provide relief to those who lost employment due to the pandemic or could not work due to health or other concerns. The programs extended the number of weeks that individuals could receive unemployment benefits, allowed

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Revenue_Proposal_Analysis_2022_04.pdf

Corporate Taxpayer in connection with the following intangible assets: patents, patent applications, trade names, trademarks, service marks, copyrights and mask works. The list of intangible assets is not exhaustive. The Add-Back also applies to “other similar ex- penses or costs on the regional Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rounded to the nearest 5 cents. For tipped workers, employers must also pay the state minimum, regardless of tip income. 3 The administration has made similar proposals in prior

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PBB_2021_DHS_REPORT_ADDENDUM.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they children 4 ChildLine………………………………….. Handle reports of suspected child abuse and neglect 5 Child Abuse Clearances………………… Process clearances for those who work with children 6 Youth Centers and Camps……………… Treat delinquent youth in the juvenile justice system 7 Community ID/Autism Waivers

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RB_2022_08_Worker_Shortage.pdf

For Pennsylvania, the latest data (July 2022) show an unemployment rate of 4.3% and 275,100 unemployed residents seeking work. 1 Both metrics are somewhat lower than annual averages for 2018 and 2019. However, current data show that the unemployment rate and number unemployed are relatively low not only due to strong labor demand, but also because many workers left the labor force and no longer work or actively seek employment. This research brief quantifies the scope of this

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RB_2022_07_Worker_Shortage.pdf

Pennsylvania, the latest data (May 2022) show an unemployment rate of 4.6% and roughly 300,000 unemployed residents seeking work. 1 Both metrics are similar to annual averages for 2018 and 2019. However, current data show that the unemployment rate and number unemployed are relatively low not only due to strong labor demand, but also because many workers left the labor force and no longer work or actively seek employment. This research brief quantifies the scope of this

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RB_2023_02_ChildCare.pdf

employees and fill job vacancies. That outcome could be partly due to a lack of affordable child care options for working families, as the child care industry has yet to revert to pre-pandemic employment levels. In June 2020, industry payroll By December 2020, nearly half of that loss had been recouped. By December 2022, the estimated number of child care workers was down by 2,300 (-5% from December 2019), as the industry recovered 3,000 jobs in CY 2021 and

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PBB_2019_DGS_Report.pdf

recidivism) and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. Finally, it should be noted that the current PBB plans represent the first year of

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2007_divestment_complete_report.pdf

to the size and nature of global investment markets, uncoordinated, ad hoc divestment efforts will at best prove ineffectual and worse, may have negative consequences that are unintended or counterproductive. Divestment advocates are sincere in their desire to address genuine evils December 7, 2004, Congress found that "the 24 Government of Sudan has restricted access by humanitarian and 25 human rights workers to the Darfur area through intimidation 26 by military and security forces, and through bureaucratic and 27 administrative obstruction, in

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RB_2022_10_Worker_Shortage.pdf

For Pennsylvania, the latest data (September 2022) show an unemployment rate of 4.1% and 263,560 unemployed residents seeking work. 1 The unemployment rate is now at the lowest value on record (first published in 1976). Other labor market data the unemployment rate and number unemployed are historically low not only due to strong labor demand, but also because many workers have left the labor force and no longer work or actively seek employment. This research brief quantifies the current excess

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Demographics_Outlook_2022.pdf

2010 to 2020 and is projected to decline 0.9% per annum in the near and long term.  The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) remained flat from 2010 to 2020 and is projected to contract by 0.6% 7% Baby Boomers 19.2% Silent Gen 2.6% COVID-19 Demographic Trends by Age Group | Page 6 Dependency Ratios Working-age residents remit the majority of state tax revenues that support dependents who attend school and elderly residents who require

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PBB_2020_DCED_REPORT.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-2020-06.pdf

and Provisions (CY 2020) Economic Outlook | Page 5  The unemployment compensation estimates assume that 1.1 million workers and 465,000 self- employed/newly eligible are impacted by business closures in 2020 Q2 and receive UC payments. 5 The state UC payments assume that roughly 15 percent of laid off workers that receive UC are rehired by the end of Q2, two-thirds by the end of Q3 and 85 percent by the

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TC_2020_Research and Development Tax Credit.pdf

the state level. For the federal tax credit, recent analyses from government and private entities include:  A working paper by the U.S. Treasury Department (2016) surveyed credible research and noted that much research finds that “an elasticity of -1 an incremental method (i.e., the credit applies to all QRE, not just a portion). 18  A working paper by staff at the Federal Reserve Board (2014) examined state RDTCs generally and found that a 1.0 percent increase in

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Revenue_Estimate_2021_05.pdf

state economies that have created tem- porary materials and labor shortages in certain sectors of the economy. For some former workers, there remains a reluctance to rejoin the labor force due to disincentives and ongoing federal UC payments which can exceed many have streamlined operations and implemented more liberal telework policies. They have also permanently raised wages for certain lower-wage workers. As discussed later in this section, the forecast projects that the average employment level in CY 2022 will be substantially

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Revenue-Estimate-2020-05.pdf

6.26 million Pennsylvania residents ($1,690 average).  The unemployment compensation estimates assume that 1.1 million workers and 375,000 self- employed/newly eligible are impacted by business closures in 2020 Q2 and receive UC payments. 5 The state UC payments assume that roughly 15 percent of laid off workers that receive UC are rehired by the end of Q2, two-thirds by the end of Q3 and 85 percent by the

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Response-Letter-10-7-2019.pdf

detail regarding the net wage gains displayed in Table 2.6 of the report. Your letter also inquires about reduced work hours and reduced benefits from a higher minimum wage. The attached table presents the gross figures (i.e., the gains for the tabulations from Table 2.6 of the report. The top portion of the table displays the number of workers who retain employment and their incremental wage gains from moving the minimum wage rate to $12.00 per hour. The

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PBB_2020_DHS_REPORT_Final_Updated.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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June_Revenue_Estimate_2021.pdf

state economies that have created tem- porary materials and labor shortages in certain sectors of the economy. For some former workers, there remains a reluctance to rejoin the labor force due to disincentives and ongoing federal UC payments which can exceed many have streamlined operations and implemented more liberal telework policies. They have also permanently raised wages for certain lower-wage workers. As discussed later in this section, the forecast projects that the average employment level in CY 2022 will be substantially

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2002_dbdc_report.pdf

arbitrary selection of defined contribution rates that would be required for a variable-benefit approach. The consulting actuary’s complete work product is attached to this report as Appendix II. The following discussion and chart summarize the actuary’s work product. In order to determine the level of contributions under a DC plan that is necessary to provide a benefit

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PBB_2021_PennDOT_REPORT_ADDENDUM.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they of expenditures paid to contractors includes funds for construction and maintenance. All construction projects are outsourced to contractors, while maintenance work is partially out- sourced. ▪ The Federal Highway Administration is working with state transportation departments to develop goals and metrics related

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ACN_SB1071_A10803_text.pdf

the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes are amended and the section is amended by adding definitions to read: § 8102. Definitions. The following words and phrases when used in this part shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them a collective bargaining organization." Paid leave granted to an active member or active participant by an employer for purposes of working full time for or serving full time as an officer of a Statewide employee organization or a local collective bargaining

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TC_2020_Keystone_Innovation_Zone_Tax_Credit.pdf

within a zone, (2) engages in activity within a targeted industry sector, (3) submits semi-annual metrics, (4) works with a zone coordinator and (5) the coordinator has conducted a site visit.  First page and signed pages of the applicant visits, answers questions, coordinates activities and provides general support to each KIZ participating firm. Coordinators noted that their work grows proportionally relative to the number of firms located in the zone. They may also face pressure from local government officials and

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Revenue-Update-2020-04.pdf

S. corporations because estimates are not published for states. The following scenarios were used for CY 2020:  Based on workers affected by business closures, wages-salaries decline by -1.0 percent (Scenario 1) and -1.7 percent (Scenario 2). Both scenarios assume that 1.1 million workers (includes self-employed that receive unemployment compensation) are impacted by business closures in 2020 Q2. In Scenario 1, one-half

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Demographics_Outlook_2020.pdf

Director - This page intentionally left blank. - Staff Acknowledgements The Independent Fiscal Office acknowledges the following staff for their work on this report: Karen Maynard, Budget Analyst II Ms. Maynard joined the IFO in March 2012. Primary responsibilities include leading various performance- based budgeting projects, coordinating the forecast of department expenditures and working on special projects that pertain to education, demographics, minimum wage and other subjects as needed. Lesley Rompalo, Revenue Analyst II Ms. Rompalo

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2006_surviving_spouse_healthcare_study.pdf

under the standard Medicare Parts A and B. Eligibility and Enrollment The majority of State Employees’ Retirement System (SERS) members work for agencies that participate in the Active Employees Health Program (AEHP) and the REHP, both of which are administered by employee who is a vested (at least five years of credited service) member of SERS and who dies in service (work or non-work related death) is also permitted to continue coverage under the REHP. -10- an MHMO. For retirees who

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PBB_2023_EO_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they from unlawful discrimination. As Pennsylvania's civil rights leader, it is our vision that all people in Pennsylvania will live, work, and learn free from unlawful discrimination. Agency Overview | Page 4 Services Provided For this report, the services provided by the

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Demographics_Outlook_2021.pdf

2020 and is projected to decline 0.4% per annum in the near term and in the long term. ▪ The working-age cohort (age 20 to 64) declined 0.1% per annum from 2010 to 2020 and is pro- jected to 8% Baby Boomers 18.9% Silent Gen 2.9% COVID-19 Demographic Trends by Age Group | Page 6 Dependency Ratios Working-age residents remit the majority of state tax revenues that support dependents attending school and elderly residents who require dedicated

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Single-Use Plastics Report-2020_06.pdf

J. Knittel Director - This page intentionally left blank. - Staff Acknowledgements The IFO acknowledges the following staff for their work on this report: Kathleen Hall, Revenue Analyst II Ms. Hall joined the IFO in May 2019. Primary responsibilities include forecasting corporate net film through a process known as blown film extrusion. •Pennsylvania plastic bag and pouch manufacturing employed 1,801 workers in 2019. However, only a portion of these workers are involved in retail bag production. Retailers •Grocers, pharmacies, convenience, general merchandise stores

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RB_2022_12_Worker_Reduction_By_Age.pdf

Since the start of the pandemic, U.S. labor force participation rates (share of residents working or actively seeking work) have declined significantly for young workers. Relative to January 2020, the latest data (November 2022) show that rates declined -2

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PBB_2023_PID_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they 2 140.5 Underground Stor. Tank Ind. Fund 41.1 43.5 46.1 44.5 43.4 56.9 Workers' Comp. Sec. Fund 22.7 27.8 22.6 21.3 21.9 39.0 Ins. Reg. & Oversight Fund 25

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PBB_2022_PDE_REPORT_Amended.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they if so, (2) whether the district shall be deemed a moderate or severe financial recovery school district. A district must work with PDE to develop and implement a financial recovery plan. ▪ PDE’s state plan to guide the use of ARP

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Monthly_Economic_Update_June_2021.pdf

gains due to tight labor market conditions in many sectors. PA COVID-19 Job Loss Disproportionately Impacted Young and Female Workers The U.S. Census Bureau recently released the Quarterly Workforce Indicators dataset for 2020 Q3. These data provide new detail on the type of workers who lost jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The table below displays these data based on age, gender and race

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Presentation-2019-5-1-PAEL.pdf

Minimum Wage Proposal Increase minimum wage from $7.25 to $12.00/hr (+65.5%).  Note: average wage for workers earning <$12.00 is $9.73 (+23.3%).  Effective July 1, 2019. Applies to entire state.  On July 00 by 2025.  50 cent increment each year.  Annual inflation adjustments thereafter. Increase cash minimum wage for tipped workers.  From $2.83 to $12.00/hr. Same as non-tipped workers. No tip credit.  The IFO did

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Senate_Appropriations_Committee_Response_Letter_2023.pdf

the state level.) The U6 rate includes the unemployed (U3) plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged, or working part-time for economic reasons. As illustrated by the graph, the gap between the U3 and the U6 rates widened series has reverted to pre-pandemic levels as plentiful job openings and a tight labor market result in fewer discouraged workers. As requested, the U6 indicator was added to the IFO’s Monthly Economic Update. Senator Haywood requested an analysis showing

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RB_2021_10_Inflation_Impact_Wages.pdf

articles have noted the negative impact that high rates of inflation are having on the real earnings of U.S. workers. 1 The latest monthly earnings release by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) confirms that finding. The release found that real average hourly earnings (i.e., wages) for all U.S. workers declined 0.8% in September 2021 from the prior year. 2 Despite strong nominal wage gains, the real value of

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Public Employee Retirement Laws of PA Local Governments (2009).pdf

rule charter. However, the Law is restrictive regarding the adoption and amendment of munici- pal pension plans. Rights, Benefits, or Working Conditions of Municipal Employees Existing on April 13, 1972. Section 2962(c)(5) of the Law (53 Pa. C.S not enact any provision inconsistent with any statute heretofore enacted prior to April 13, 1972, affecting the rights, benefits or working conditions of any employee of a political subdivision of the Common- wealth. The Courts of Pennsylvania have held that this

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PBB_2022_AGRICULTURE_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they Assistance The Food Assistance Activity provides food to low-income Pennsylvanians. The department manages food and related funding allocations by working with all 67 counties, more than 800 public and non-profit private schools and residential child care institutions, and more

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IFO_Retirement_Task_Force_Jan2018_Presentation.pdf

factor: Baby Boomers and their characteristics:  Sheer numbers: +43% growth in residents age 70 vs. age 71.  More working during “normal” retirement years.  Dramatic shift in spending towards housing. More home debt. 2 Jan.25.2018 Independent Fiscal Age Group 2010 2017 Number Percent 0 to 19 School 3,173 3,010 -163 -5.1% 20 to 64 Working 7,577 7,510 -67 -0.9% 65 to 74 Seniors 983 1,286 303 30.8% 75 to 84

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TC_2021_Keystone_Special_Development_Zones_Update.pdf

more qualified employees at the KSDZ site. A qualified KSDZ employee must (1) be employed after June 30, 2011, (2) work at least 35 hours per week and (3) spend at least 90 percent of their time working at the KSDZ location. The annual KSDZ Tax Credit awarded to an applicant is equal to $2,100 for each

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TC_2019_Historic_Preservation_Tax_Credit_Report.pdf

does not approve credits that exceed $250,000 per project.  Stakeholders note that the application process generally works well, but the awards process would benefit from quicker turnaround, more transparency and predictability.  There are many positive spillover effects from buildings.  The enhancement of positive social and psychological factors that make communities an attractive place to live, work and visit.  Long-term economic development as reflected by various economic metrics, such as business sales, income and jobs. Administration and

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PBB_2023_DDAP_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they total). (See pages 19 to 20.) In partnership with the Department of Human Services (DHS) and other stakeholders, DDAP is working with treatment providers to ensure alignment with American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) criteria across all levels of care. ASAM

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PBB_2020_DOS_REPORT.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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Kling_Presentation.pdf

Update on Transparency at CBO (August 2018), www.cbo.gov/publication/54372. 1 CBO  Enhance the credibility of its work  Promote a thorough understanding of its analyses  Help people gauge how its estimates might change if policies or Ten Ways CBO Is Transparent 4 CBO CBO’s staff members often testify at Congressional hearings about the agency’s work. CBO also provides public answers to questions from Members of Congress— about the agency’s work in general and about

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Economic_and_Revenue_Update_2020.pdf

Employer Contributions Rates and Funding Ratios ...................................... 23 SERS and PSERS Financial Data .............................................................................................................. 24 Minimum Wage Rates by State ............................................................................................................. 25 PA Workers Affected by a $12 Minimum Wage (2018) ................................................................ 26 States with Corporate Net Income Tax ............................................................................................... 27 Combined Reporting vs. Separate Reporting Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.34 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 of dedicated funding for work related to contracted actuarial analysis. Mission Statement The Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) provides revenue projections for use in the state

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TC_2020_Organ and Bone Marrow Donation Tax Credit.pdf

of absence up to five days, most living donation procedures require a two- to eight-week absence from work.  The availability of the OBMD is not well known. None of the stakeholders contacted by the IFO were aware of the e.g., $10,000). The move to a dollar cap would increase the proportional benefit to lower wage-workers.  Expand the program to provide direct financial support to living donors. This support could be provided via a donor tax credit

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RB_2023_07_Inflation_Impact.pdf

2021 using recent hourly earnings and CPI data to quantify how unusually high inflation has impacted real earnings for Pennsylvania workers and pensions received by annuitants of the State Employees Retirement System (SERS) and Pennsylvania School Employees Retirement System (PSERS). The uses Pennsylvania average hourly earnings and CPI-U data. 1 The real average hourly earnings data are for all private workers (excludes government) and the leisure-hospitality, manufacturing, trade (wholesale and retail) and transportation, and professional-business services (e.g., accountants

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RB 2019 RACP.pdf

All projects must also follow requirements under the competitive bidding process, Pennsylvania Steel Products Procurement Act, Trade Practices Act, public works contractors’ bond law, the Pennsylvania Prevailing Wage Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act and meet certain fidelity bond and insurance (workers’ compensation, general liability and property damage, and flood) thresholds. It should be noted that RACP payments are made on an

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PBB_2020_DEP_Report.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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IFO_Testimony_Min_Wage_Feb_16_2021.pdf

third table shows the impact from COVID-19 on Pennsylvania job losses across age groups. Preliminary data show that younger workers were disproportionately impacted. Those workers were employed in the retail trade and food service sectors.  The fourth table shows minimum wage rates across states

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Economic_and_Revenue_Update_2021.pdf

SERS and PSERS Financial Data ............................................................................. 18 Tax Credit and Economic Development Incentives ................................................... 19 Minimum Wage Rates by State .............................................................................. 21 PA Worker Distribution by Hourly Wage Rates ......................................................... 22 PIT Revenue Proposal: Impact on Different Filers .................................................... 23 PIT Revenue Proposal: Impact on Average Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.34 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 of dedicated funding for work related to contracted actuarial analysis. Mission Statement The Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) provides revenue projections for use in the state

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2013-05_Monthly_Economic_Summary.pdf

as a share of the civilian labor force, the underemployment rate is the number of unemployed, plus all marginally attached workers, plus those employed part-time for economic reasons, as a share of the civilian labor force plus all marginally attached workers. 1 While always higher than the unemployment rate, the underemploy- ment rate tends to trend with the unemployment rate. A

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index.cfm

AFSCME collective bargaining agreement (CBA) apply to all CBAs reviewed by the IFO, as well as management and non-represented workers. ... (Full Report) Revenue Estimate Performance Revenue Estimates August 10, 2023 This report examines the performance of IFO revenue estimates for S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to compute the impact of unusually high inflation on real average hourly earnings of Pennsylvania workers and a typical SERS-PSERS annuitant. ... (Full Report) Corporate Net Income Tax TY 2019 Economics and Other July 25, 2023

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About IFO

Universities and published several articles in the National Tax Journal, the NBER and US Treasury's Office of Tax Analysis working paper series. Stacey Knavel Principal Revenue Analyst Formerly employed as a manager in the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue's Bureau responsibilities include leading performance-based budgeting projects, coordinating forecasts of department expenditures and forecasting the Lottery Fund. Other responsibilities include working on special projects pertaining to education, demographics, minimum wage and other subjects as needed. Jesse Bushman Fiscal Analyst II Mr

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Revenue_Estimate_2022_06.pdf

labor force participation rate was 63.0%. The much lower participation rate implies that 135,000 fewer residents were either working or actively seeking work in 2022 Q2. Other data show that the worker contraction affects all age groups, but is relatively stronger for workers

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Revenue_Estimate_2022_05.pdf

labor force participation rate was 63.0%. The much lower participation rate implies that 167,000 fewer residents were either working or actively seeking 1 The term “soft landing” has not been defined. Some use the term to imply reducing inflation be described as “stagnation” characterized by minimal real economic growth, high inflation and equity market contraction. Economic Outlook | Page 3 work in 2022 Q2. Other data show that the worker contraction affects all age groups, but is rela- tively stronger for

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PBB_2023_DCNR_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they operations and maintenance and offers outdoor programming services. Also included within this activity is the PA Outdoor Corps, which offers work experience, job training and environmental education opportunities to young people who complete recreation and conservation projects on Pennsylvania public lands

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PBB_2019_PCCD_Report.pdf

recidivism) and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. Finally, it should be noted that the current PBB plans represent the first year of

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PBB_2019_Criminal_Justice_Report.pdf

recidivism) and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. Finally, it should be noted that the current PBB plans represent the first year of

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IFO_Hearing_Materials_Feb_22_2022.pdf

Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.34 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 of dedicated funding for work related to contracted actuarial analysis. Mission Statement The Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) provides revenue projections for use in the state 3 Dec 18 62.6 Advance CTC begins $600/wk ends Dec 2019 vs Dec 2021 -3.5 ppt, -360k workers Independent Fiscal Office 5 February 2022 Economics – Inflation and General Economics Economics – Inflation and Recent Trends Year-Over-Year Growth

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UGSOA_Wage_Contract_Analysis_2021.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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UGSOA_Wage_Contract_ Analysis_2020.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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Select Committee Oct 1 2012 FINAL.pdf

mission of the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO).  The IFO cannot comment on whether policy is good /bad or better/worse than current law.  The report provides a general framework for analysis of the proposal. The IFO defers to the The analysis uses two characteristics that drive tax changes: housing tenure and age.  Analysis considers four groups:  Homeowners: working age and retired.  Renters: working age and retired.  Uses median characteristics from U.S. Census (income) and spending

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SEIU_Local_668_Wage_Contract_Analysis_2023.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 Table 1 Analysis of Collective Bargaining Agreement SEIU Local 668 1 Annual savings from the replacement of high-wage senior workers with less experienced lower wage workers (1.85% multiplied by the prior year wage base). These savings would have been

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SEIU Local 668 UC Referees Analysis- 2020.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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SEIU Healthcare Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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PSEA Wage Contract Analysis- 2020.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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PSCOA Wage Contract Analysis- 2020.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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PLEA Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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PDA Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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PBB_2022_AGING_REPORT_Addendum.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they for older adults and adult individuals with disabilities seeking LTC services and supports. The Office of the State LTC Ombudsman works to resolve complaints and concerns on behalf of individuals residing in LTC settings. The office educates residents on their rights

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PBB_2020_DOH_REPORT_Final_Update.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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PASBO_March_17_2021.pdf

Jobs Will Not Return Soon Labor productivity (output per hour) surged in 2020  More automation | release less productive employees | working more Dramatic shift in consumer spending patterns  Online sales tax collections double | shift to larger firms with online presence  Investment in the home: gyms, meal preparation, entertainment, remodels Remote working is here to stay  Impacts restaurants, dry cleaners, formal/business casual clothing sales  Gasoline consumption down 10% for

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OPEIU Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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ISSU Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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HTAE_2019_05_15.pdf

Minimum Wage Proposal Increase minimum wage from $7.25 to $12.00/hr (+65.5%).  Note: average wage for workers earning <$12.00 is $9.73 (+23.3%).  Effective July 1, 2019. Applies to entire state.  On July 00 by 2025.  50 cent increment each year.  Annual inflation adjustments thereafter. Increase cash minimum wage for tipped workers.  From $2.83 to $12.00/hr. Same as non-tipped workers. No tip credit.  The IFO did

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FOSCEP Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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CIVEA Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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ALES Wage Contract Analysis- 2019.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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AFSCME_Wage_Contract_Analysis_2023.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 Table 1 Analysis of Collective Bargaining Agreement AFSCME Council 13 1 Annual savings from the replacement of high-wage senior workers with less experienced lower wage workers (1.57% multiplied by the prior year wage base). These savings would have been

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TC_2019_New_Jobs_Tax_Credit_Report.pdf

state. 3 For the tax credit review schedule, see the Appendix. Overview of the JCTC | Page 6  Work within a comprehensive strategy (consisting of other economic development programs and incentives) to increase job creation and economic development within the state Economic Development Incentives: What percentage estimates are plausible based on research literature?” Timothy Bartik, W.E. Upjohn Institute, Working Paper 18-289 (July 2018), pp. 8-10. Economic Analysis | Page 15 Economic Impact This subsection computes a simplified economic impact for

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Senate Appropriations Response Letter 3-6-2020.pdf

 The share of upper income household increased from 21.4 to 27.8 percent as households in their prime working years migrated to higher income groups. Spouses may have also joined the workforce and increased household income.  Average income FY 2018-19. The Utah program offers debt forgiveness to students with degrees in eligible bachelor programs. Applicants must begin work in a Utah qualified job within one year of graduation and work for the same number of years as the

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RB_2023_1_Post_Pandemic_Gasoline_Consumption.pdf

caused a dramatic reduction in gasoline consumption. As those measures were lifted, many employees retained a hybrid or full-time work-from-home schedule. A working paper by the National Bureau of Economic Research estimates that in 2022 (nationally), 20% of full workdays will be supplied

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RB_2022_03_Student_Loan.pdf

19 pandemic had a dramatic impact on state employment and labor force participation rates (i.e., the share of residents working or actively seeking employment). For Pennsylvania, data for December 2021 show that payroll employment fell by 280,000 (-4.6% factor that drives both outcomes. However, the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau show that for Pennsylvania, younger workers in the 22-24 and 25-34 age cohorts recorded the largest reduction in relative payroll employment levels and employment-

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RB-2016-02.pdf

Ðied industrial brown Ðield zone to claim a tax credit equal to $2,100 for each full‐time equivalent employee working in the zone. Mobile Telecommunica‐ tions Broadband Investment Tax Credit $0 $0 Allows a provider of mobile telecommunications to claim gram, land and building acquisition and construction, purchase and upgrade of machinery and equipment, con‐ struction and rehabilitation of infrastructure, working capital and environmental assessment and remediation. World Trade PA (Of Ðice of International Business Development ) $7,223 $5,824 Promotes

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Presentation-2018-08-PA-State-Association-Boroughs.pdf

Projections after 2017 by IFO. 4.0% August.08.2018 9 Future Challenges for State Budget 2000 2010 2020 2030 Working Age / Age 65+ 3.88 3.86 3.02 2.36 % Adult Population 65+ 20.5% 20.6% 24.9% 30% to 35% Notes: Sales tax figures include amounts passed through from business. Property tax figures represent all property taxes. Working age is age 20 to 64. Adult population is age 20 or older. Source: IFO computations based on state and

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PMTA_Presentation_April_2023.pdf

all are part of legislature ▪ Only IFO is separate and has no governing board ▪ Members can make requests, and all work published on website ▪ Office does not make recommendations unless required Presentation has 3 parts ▪ I. Statewide economic trends: labor market 417 2,586 +169 Note: Data not seasonally adjusted. Establishment survey excludes self-employed. Participation rate is share age 16+ working or actively looking for work. Data for Q1 includes January and February only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Pennsylvania_Aging_Presentation.pdf

The Foundation: Demographics.  Baby Boomer retirements.  Life expectancy and migration flows. II. Economic Trends for Seniors.  Seniors working more: ~25% in 2016.  More income dedicated to housing expenses.  More housing debt. III.Funding for Seniors’ Programs 2017 2 I. Demographic Trends  Subtle, yet crucial impact.  Hard to see in a single year.  Determines work force, income sources and consumer spending patterns.  PA is now in middle of a retirement wave.  First Boomers

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PBB_2022_PHMC_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they can be a significant delay in reporting complete visitation and revenue information for all sites. The IFO recommends that PHMC work with local groups to improve the timeliness of reporting site-specific information. See pages 9 to 11 for more details

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PA_Chamber_June_17_2021.pdf

Nearly $160 billion of federal monies injected into state ▪ What happens to income levels when support is removed? When do workers return? Will jobs be available? ▪ IFO forecast: 2022 output exceeds 2019 w/ ~250,000 less workers What are implications for General Fund revenues? ▪ Should we expect a deceleration or possible contraction? June 17, 2021 1 Federal

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Monthly_Economic_Update_April_2021.pdf

entertainment options during the pandemic, seasonal variation (e.g., March Madness) and phasing-in of certain games towards full capacity. Worker Productivity Surges by 2.4% in 2020 Q4 Worker productivity is a key economic growth metric and is defined as the percentage change in output per hour worked for

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MGMT Nonrepresented Wage Contract.pdf

benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar turnover factor. This factor adjusts for the reduction in wages paid due to workforce turnover, as more experienced, higher-paid workers separate from service, and are replaced by new, lower-paid workers. All else equal (i.e., the total number of

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IFO - Economic and Budget Outlook - January 2012.pdf

0.2 percent per annum). • Elderly residents over age 65 will increase 25.0 percent (2.3 percent per annum). • Working age residents will decline by -1.8 percent (-0.2 percent per annum). General Fund Revenue Trends Based on demographic 5 percent, $287 billion). Although recent data show that real investment spending has partially recovered, most new investment merely replaces worn out capital rather than expand operations. For 2009, the nation’s capital stock actually contracted as private real investment ($1

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Five_Year_Outlook_Presentation_2022.pdf

University and his A.B. in economics from Princeton University. November 15, 2022 2 Four Parts and Main Themes Demographics ▪ Working age cohort (age 20-64) continues to contract ▪ Labor force participation rates must increase rapidly to facilitate jobs creation Economics by IFO. PA Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) Declines November 15, 2022 6 LFPR down ~1.5 ppts ~120,000 workers ~50% demographics ~50% other factors LFPR = share of adults age 16+ working or looking for work Lower LFPR + contracting demographic

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CNIT-Rate-Cut-2018-04.pdf

tax to the government. Corporations cannot bear the burden of a tax. Ultimately, only individuals in the form of consumers, workers or owners of capital (e.g., shareholders) effectively pay the tax through higher prices, reduced wages or lower capital gains or bear the burden of a tax increase). However, as firms and markets adjust to the rate cut over time, workers and consumers could also benefit. In the recent debate regarding the Tax Cut and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017, the

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Boyd PA IFO November 2016.pdf

suny.edu November 15, 2016 Main points •Despite large contribution increases (> avg in PA) and benefit cuts (primarily for new workers), U.S. public pension underfunding remains near record, almost as severe as at end of recession •Underfunding varies greatly. PA Shared-risk provisions might slightly dampen incentives that favor risk taking. •PA and most other states need risk-taking to work out well or else contributions will rise significantly. Already public pension plans generally have bad news in the bank for

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The Payroll Tax Cut Extension FINAL.pdf

IFO welcomes any comments or suggestions. Comments and suggestions can be submitted on the “Contact IFO” page. INTRODUCTION Throughout 2011, workers received a boost in their take-home pay due to the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization and Job Creation Act corporations. These impacts represent the “first round” effects from an extension of the payroll tax cut. As the additional spending works its way through the state economy and is spent again, the final impact on total output would be greater than

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TC_2022_Coal_Refuse_Energy_Reclamation.pdf

do not generate electricity or engage in reclamation activities. This reduces the amount of coal refuse burned and generally slows work performed at reclamation sites. Environmental Regulation The mining of coal refuse and subsequent remediation of land is a surface mining 140 direct jobs (part- and full-time) supported for each million ton of coal burned. Al- though there are fewer workers, the average wage of workers is the same in the counterfactual scenario without the tax credit (average wage of $75

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Senate_Appropriations_Committee_Response_Letter_2021.pdf

and 7.0% for men. 1 Much of the reason for the lower unemployment rate for women is that more working-age women have departed the labor force since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and are not currently seeking and women has fallen by 2.0 percentage points. 2 However, the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas found that prime working-age women (age 25 to 55) with children had a larger decline (-3.0 percentage points) in labor force participation

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RB_2022_09_SNAP_Changes.pdf

all or nothing” benefits cliff for recipients. A vertical cliff provides a strong disincentive for household members to seek employment, work more hours or accept promotions due to the potential loss of benefits. The graph displays the cliff for households under For a household of 4, the monthly SNAP benefit ($939) is largely equal to income earned by a member who works 20 hours per week at $15 per hour ($1,200 per month, $1,052 after state-local income and employee

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PBB_2023_DOR_REPORT.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they such as (1) I understand the DOR mission and goals; (2) Communication of information with DOR is adequate; (3) Our work processes and policies are continually improved and (4) I received regular feedback from my supervisor on my performance. The responses

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PBB_2021_PSP_REPORT_ADDENDUM.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they same time in 2019. This is despite less traffic on roadways due to COVID- 19 mitigation efforts and more residents working from home rather than commuting. Performance Measures for Traffic Enforcement and Crash Prevention 15-16 16-17 17-18 18-

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PBB_2021_DMVA_REPORT_ADDENDUM.pdf

to other states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they land and facilities that support the department. The activity provides engineering and facility services to maintain the living, learning and working environment for service mem- bers, veterans and their families. Facilities maintenance for the Army National Guard currently oversees 934 buildings

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PBB_2019_DOBS_Report.pdf

recidivism) and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. Finally, it should be noted that the current PBB plans represent the first year of

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PACBI_Presentation_March_13_2023.pdf

362 2,537 +174 Note: Data not seasonally adjusted. Establishment survey excludes self-employed. Participation rate is share age 16+ working or actively looking for work. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. PA Payroll Job Gains/Losses (000s) March 13, 2023 5 Sector or Sub-

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Letter_to_JSGC.pdf

altered its final submission without approval, and in certain cases, without notice. Specifically, two actions by JSGC yielded a final work product that was materially different than the submission made by the IFO to your office. They are as follows:  that the IFO is required to provide to the JSGC will necessitate a written agreement that specifies the scope of work and details JSGC’s treatment of any IFO submission. The unilateral alteration of IFO work product by another office or

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IFO_Analyst_Opening.pdf

See 71 Pa.C.S., Ch. 41 to read the statute creating the office.) The position entails full-time, professional work in fiscal analysis. An IFO analyst: 1) compiles, organizes, analyzes and forecasts data relating to state revenues, expenditures and the higher with a course of study in economics, finance, mathematics, business or a related field that requires quantitative analysis. Relevant work experience may substitute for a degree in one of the specified fields. Academic achievement will receive significant consideration for applicants

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IFO Job Opportunity- Deputy Director.pdf

and track the office budget and finances, (4) communicates with individuals and groups outside of the IFO on relevant office work, and (5) presents IFO work products to outside groups including testifying before legislative committees as needed. The deputy director serves as the director in the

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House_Maj_Policy_Com_Testimony_June_8_2022.pdf

5% for 2023. Real Average Hourly Earnings Due to inflation, the real value of average hourly earnings for Pennsylvania payroll workers contracted by 3.8% in April 2022 relative to the prior year (see next page). (For the U.S. (not shown in table), real hourly earnings contracted by 2.6%.) In December 2021, real hourly earnings for workers in the leisure-hospitality sector increased by 8.2%, but gains were eroded to 2.5% by April 2022. All

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House_Appropriations_Committee_Response_Letter_2022.pdf

had a disparate impact on employment by race. The strongest employment contraction was in 2020 Q3, with 632,000 fewer workers employed relative to the same quarter in 2019. For that quarter, Black workers recorded the largest contraction (-12.6%), followed by other races (-11.2%), Whites (-10.5%) and Asians (-9.4%). The

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2002_drop_report.pdf

a DROP program may induce those employees who would otherwise have little or no incentive to continue employment to continue working. 2) A DROP can assist public employers in succession planning for retiring employees and ease the transition associated with their DROP election, so an employee who elects to participate in DROP generally agrees to forego benefit accruals while continuing to work (this would not be a disadvantage for members of a fixed benefit final average salary plan). In doing so, the

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Wage Contract SEIU-FINAL.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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Wage Contract AFSCME-FINAL.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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TC_2023_Manufacturing.pdf

must be signed by the applicant and returned to DCED within sixty days of the commit- ment letter date. DCED works in conjunction with DOR to confirm that the firm increased the annual taxable payroll in year one by at least Percentages for Economic Development Incentives: What percentage estimates are plausible based on research literature?” Timothy Bartik, W.E. Upjohn Institute, Working Paper 18-289 (July 2018), pp. 8-10. Tax Credit Plan | Page 13 Tax Credit Plan Act 48 of 2017

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TC_2021_Neighborhood_Assistance_Program.pdf

by calendar year end. The final section of this report contains various recommendations. A summary is as follows: ▪ DCED should work to standardize the NAP Tax Credit application period and announce application decisions earlier in the calendar year. ▪ Similar to other that no data were available to quantify the impact that state funds had on certain target groups, such as the working poor or children living in poverty. The report noted potential performance measures could be gathered via reporting requirements on items

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TC_2021_Entertainment_Economic_Enhancement_Program.pdf

8 A Final Employees form lists identifying information (including job description) of any employee, both resident and non-resident, who worked during the tour. 9 Due to the tiered cap structure implemented by Act 13 of 2019, it is likely that tax credit ($0.8 million) flows to a third party facilitator, those monies might remain in the state economy. The work performed does not create any separate economic value and generally acts as an income transfer to the third party facilitator

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TC_2019_Film_Production_Tax_Credit_Report.pdf

larger credit is necessary to attract long-term investment.  The tax credit should be targeted more towards workers who reside in the state. That will increase the multiplier effect of the tax credit and the economic impact.  The credit are indirectly employed by the industry, and provide services to other industries (e.g., subcontractors such as construction workers and drivers). Therefore, the definition represents only direct employment by the industry, but it is consistent across states, and the data facilitate

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Roundtable_Jan_24_2023.pdf

Matthew Knittel, IFO Director November 15, 2021 Outlook Released November 15, 2022 Demographics ▪ Working age cohort (age 20-64) continues to contract ▪ Labor force participation rates do not recover from COVID decline Economics ▪ Forecast PA Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) Declines and Stabilizes January 24, 2023 4 LFPR down ~1.5 ppts ~120,000 workers ~50% demographics ~50% other factors LFPR = share of adults age 16+ working or looking for work Lower LFPR + contracting demographic

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RB_2023_06_Student_Loan_Repayment.pdf

July 2016); and “The Nine (or More) Lives of the Student Payment Pause”, Briones et al., University of Virgina, EdPolicyWorks Working Paper Series No. 77 (January 2023). 2 The monthly amount is based on a study by the Federal Reserve Board in annual economic impact results are as follows: ▪ Employment falls by 35,100. This figure includes full- and part-time workers and self-employed. ▪ Labor income falls by $2.0 billion. Labor income includes employee compensation and self- employment income. 8

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platt ppt.pdf

to labor and capital) o Business and government transfers 5 www.bea.gov Components of Personal Income ▪ Earnings (Place of Work)  Compensation (Place of Work)  Wages and salaries  Supplements  Employer payments for pensions and health insurance  Employer contributions for social insurance

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PICPA_Presentation.pdf

54 -4.0% Source: Analysis of Revenue Proposals, IFO, April 2017. Increase Minimum Wage to $12 per Hour (thousands of workers) Minimum Wage Increase Trade Offs June 7, 2017 22 Roughly 1.3 million workers receive higher wages.  Total net gain = $3.6 billion; average gain = $2,770.  Roughly 54,000 reduced employment

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Jan_24_2022.pdf

9% 146 14.4% Disability Determination 661 15.9% 121 11.9% Workforce Development 430 10.3% 196 19.3% Workers’ Comp. Adjudication and Appeals 226 5.4% 33 3.3% State Workers’ Insurance Fund 199 4.8% 150 14.8% Administration and Support 173 4.1% 121 12.0% UC Tax Services

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PBB_2019_JCJC_Report.pdf

recidivism) and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. Finally, it should be noted that the current PBB plans represent the first year of

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PA_Economy_League_Presentation.pdf

different. The property tax figure deducts redirected slots tax relief monies. 19 19.May.2017 Impacts Will Vary Owner Renter Working Retired Working Retired Lower millage -6% -31% 14% 8% Moderate millage -16% -41% 14% 8% Higher millage -23% -47% 14% 8% No

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PASBO_Presentation_March_16_2023.pdf

362 2,537 +174 Note: Data not seasonally adjusted. Establishment survey excludes self-employed. Participation rate is share age 16+ working or actively looking for work. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. PA Payroll Job Gains/Losses (000s) March 16, 2023 5 Sector or Sub-

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MTR-2015-07.pdf

as a share of the civilian non-institutional population. The labor force includes those currently employed and those looking for work. The higher the LFPR, the larger share of the working-age population that is working or seeking employment. Since 1999, Pennsylvania LFPRs have fallen for teens and young adults. For

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Monthly_Economic_Update_March_2023.pdf

in Employment (Household Survey) The month-to-month change in total employment (includes self -employed) based on number of residents working. The number of residents employed increased 10,800 in January from the prior month and continues to surpass the pre- pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in the winter when seasonal workers claim benefits.) • Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively

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Monthly_Economic_Update_April_4_2023.pdf

in Employment (Household Survey) The month-to-month change in total employment (includes self -employed) based on number of residents working. The number of residents employed increased 5,800 from the prior month. Like the payroll jobs metric, it also returned pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in winter months when seasonal workers claim benefits.)  Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or

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IFO-Press-Release-11-14-2019.pdf

a recession is more likely than not to occur over the next five years.  There will be relatively fewer working-age residents to support the needs of rapidly expanding retiree and elderly populations. The contraction of the working-age cohort suggests that real per capita tax levels for that age group must increase to keep pace with the

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Five_Year_Outlook_Presentation_2021.pdf

30,000 excess deaths in 2020 + 2021 | small baby bust 2021 ▪ No longer-term impacts Economics jobs and inflation ▪ Will workers return? | impact of general price and asset inflation ▪ Does a wage-price spiral emerge? Revenues permanent real and inflation gains Federal programs Childcare Eldercare Home schooling COVID concerns Savings cushion Lifestyle change Early retirements Labor Force = Employed + Unemployed Who Stopped Working? Not Just the Elderly November 15, 2021 7 PA Employment / Population Ratio by Age Group 62.9% 73.4% 77

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Economic_and_Revenue_Update_2020_10.pdf

the IFO projects a smaller contraction of real GDP, a smaller reduction in wages and salaries paid to workers, the same magnitude of average job losses and slightly stronger inflation as measured by the Philadelphia CPI-U for calendar year (CY of self-employed lost employment and/or there is a very large amount of students and part-time workers who would ordinarily not qualify for unemployment compensation who are receiving payments. A number of states have noted that the program has

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Analysis of Recent Collective Bargaining Agreements.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 Pennsylvania • Pennsylvania State Education Association (PSEA), Non-Tenured Teachers • Service Employees International Union (SEIU), Healthcare Pennsylvania • United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) The attached table provides a summary of the analysis for the current fiscal year and subsequent two fiscal years

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2023_Mid_Year_Update.pdf

Labor Force Participation Rate Starting to Recover? January 31, 2023 8 July down ~1.5 ppts from 2019 140,000 workers LFPR = share of adults age 16+ working or looking for work Dec down ~1.1 ppts from 2019 95,000 workers 59 60 61 62 63 64

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2022_Mid_Year_Update.pdf

Force Contraction Continues January 31, 2022 5 Labor Force # Employed + # Unemployed Unemployment Rate # Unemployed / Labor Force Unemployed Actively looked for work in past 4 weeks and available to work 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 -300,000 -200,000 -100,000 0 100,000 Jan 2020 Feb Mar

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2021-SD-Property-Tax-Forecast.pdf

2019. The significant increase in the SAWW for FY 2022-23 is largely driven by job losses for low-wage workers in CY 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and related mitigation efforts. That trend reverses itself by the end of the forecast period as those low-wage workers are rehired. For the ECI, there are no available projections for education-specific employment costs for Pennsylvania, so the U

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Witgert Nov 15, 2012.pdf

partisan organization • Academy members – Peer-selected group of state health policy leaders – Commitment to identifying state needs and guiding our workWorking together across states, branches, and agencies to advance, accelerate, and implement workable policy solutions that address major health issues 2

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WC-2019-UFCW.pdf

percent GPI. The total is prorated for the October 2020 effective date. Analysis of Collective Bargaining Agreement United Food & Commercial Workers (UFCW) millions of dollars 1/ Annual savings from the replacement of high-wage senior workers with less experienced lower wage workers (2.69 percent multiplied by the prior year wage base). These savings would have

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Wage_Contracts_PDA.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 benefit rate reflects indirect costs related to employee wages such as employer pension contributions, Social Security and Medicare taxes, and workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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Wage Contract PFBC-FINAL.pdf

under the jurisdiction of the Governor prior to execution, including the costs to cover public employee wages, benefits, pensions and working conditions that have been reduced in writing under section 701 of the act of July 23, 1970 (P.L. 563 and Medicare taxes, and 1 The agreement between the Commonwealth and the PFBC is only a one-year contract. 2 workers’ compensation payments. For example, a benefit rate of 40% implies that those costs increase by 40 cents for each dollar

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TC_2021_Video_Game_Production.pdf

A Final Employees form lists the identifying information (including job description) of any employee, both resident and non-resident, who worked on the video game production. Section 2: VGP Tax Credit Overview | Page 8 Based on application data, the number of study, in 2015 there were approximately 2,900 game company locations across all fifty states that directly employed 65,678 workers. Seven states comprised 85 percent of the total direct employment for the United States game software industry. California employed the

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SUT Exemption for Aircraft - January 2013.pdf

The average wage for the industry is considerably lower than the statewide average (possibly due to part-time workers). However, it is likely that the portion attributable to MRO services is more comparable to the statewide average wage. State employment trends be unaware of their use tax obligation and cross state lines to reduce tax liability. For major overhaul work, the savings from the tax exemption could be significant. For this analysis, two industry measures of MRO service were used. The first

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SD_Prop_Tax_Update_Jun_2023.pdf

increase in the SAWW for FY 2023-24 (5.3%) was largely driven by (1) job losses for low-wage workers in CY 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) strong wage gains in CY 2021. For FY 2024- are no available projections for education-specific employment costs, so the forecast uses the U.S. ECI for all private workers from IHS Markit, with adjustments by the IFO for sector-specific factors. Estimates by Property Type The estimates for revenues

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SD_Prop_Tax_Update_Aug_2022.pdf

component. The significant increase in the SAWW for FY 2022-23 was largely driven by job losses for low-wage workers in CY 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and related mitigation efforts. The FY 2022-23 ECI factor declined are no available projections for education-specific employment costs, so the forecast uses the U.S. ECI for all private workers from IHS Markit, with adjustments by the IFO for sector-specific factors. Estimates by Property Type The estimates for revenues

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SD_Property_Tax_Forecast_Nov_2021.pdf

2019. The significant increase in the SAWW for FY 2022- 23 was largely driven by job losses for low-wage workers in CY 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and related mitigation efforts. The SAWW increases further in FY 2023- the ECI, there are no available projections for education-specific employment costs, so the U.S. ECI for all private workers from IHS Markit is used, with adjustments by the IFO. This component of the index remains relatively flat, increasing from

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Revenue_Estimate_Presentation_2022_05.pdf

than expected ▪ Stocks: markets did not price in Fed tightening in CY 2021 ▪ Housing: high demand, limited supply and remote working ▪ Capital gains income | wealth effects that motivate spending Continued purchases of durable goods and high-margin products Labor force participation rates do not revert to pre-pandemic rates ▪ Worker shortage motivates strong wage gains May 23, 2022 9 Personal Income Tax Notes Withholding growth accelerates in January to May

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Revenue_and_Economic_Update_Presentation_2020_10.pdf

end of year  Uses only federal dollars | Average weekly amount ~$200 to $230  Benefits to self-employed, gig workers and others normally ineligible Payouts are much higher than anticipated at ~$7.0 billion  Regular weekly PUA claims running 6% 0.0% 0.4% weak energy prices Unemployment Rate 4.4% 5.4% 14.0% 10.4% ex. discouraged workers Change Payroll Jobs (000s) 54 28 -849 -506 expect long-term job loss Change Labor Force (000s) 68 92 -17

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Response_Letter_9_23_2019.pdf

this purpose, the IFO did not consider indirect taxes that are levied on a business and passed through to shareholders, workers or consumers (e.g., corporate net income, insurance premiums and bank shares), mid-sized or smaller tax types (e.g See Brewer, Ben and Karen Smith Conway and Jonathan Rork. “Do Income Tax Breaks for the Elderly Affect Economic Growth?” Working Paper (September 2017). 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 Actual Actual Enacted Department of Aging: State 1 ………………………………………………………………………………. $2,275 $25

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Response_Letter_2021_April.pdf

this purpose, the IFO did not consider indirect taxes that are levied on a business and passed through to shareholders, workers or consumers (e.g., corporate net income, insurance premiums and financial institutions), mid-sized or smaller tax types (e.g in the SUT rate would coincide with a revenue neutral adjustment to the SUT transfers for public transportation. In other words, public transportation would not receive a funding windfall from an increase in the tax rate. ▪ The SUT estimates for clothing

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RB_2023_08_Wage_Contract.pdf

of the AFSCME ratified CBA apply to all CBAs reviewed by the IFO, as well as management and non-represented workers. (See table below.) As each CBA is approved and transmitted to the IFO for review, a formal analysis will be savings from the application of salary adjustments to lower salaries due to the natural replacement of older and higher-paid workers that retire with new hires that have lower salaries. The turnover factor typically reduces the impact of the CBA salary

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RB_2021_11_Economic_Development_Incentives.pdf

Development Network (WedNet) expenditures increased by $1.7 million (+26%) to $8.2 million in FY 2020-21. WedNet provides worker training programs to in-state and relocating businesses. Independent Fiscal Office Page 3 15-16 16-17 17-18 18- million) decreased $62.4 million from the prior year, primarily due to the one-time issuance of the COVID-19 Working Capital Access Program in FY 2019-20. The program lent $61.0 million to small businesses that were adversely impacted

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RB_2020_12_PPP_Loans_to_PA_Businesses.pdf

Michael Stepner, “The Economic Impacts of COVID-19: Evidence From a New Public Database Built Using Private Sector Data,” NBER Working Paper No. 27431 (Nov. 2020). 7 João Granja, Christos Makridis, Constantine, Yannelis, and Eric Zwick, “Did the Paycheck Protection Program Peterman, David Ratner, Daniel Villar, and Ahu Yildirmaz, “An Evaluation of the Paycheck Protection Program Using Administrative Payroll Microdata,” MIT Working Paper (July 2020). 9 Hearing on Preventing Fraud and Abuse of Paycheck Protection Program, House Small Business Subcommittee, October 1

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NCSL_PA_IFO_11_15_21.pdf

obligate by Dec. 31, 2024, and spent by Dec. 31, 2026. ○ More flexible than CARES Act Coronavirus Relief Fund ○ NCSL working directly with Treasury to clarify guidance questions. ○ *Waiting on the Final Rule NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE LEGISLATURES State and Local to each state, minimum of $500 million. o $169 billion would be allocated based on the states’ share of unemployed workers over a three-month period, from October-December 2020. Provides $130.2 billion to Local Governments: o $65.1 billion

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NAP-2018-03.pdf

through entities would remain unchanged. This report provides an overview of each component of the NAP, explains how the program works and estimates the economic impact of state spending for this purpose. 2 PROGRAM OVERVIEW The Neighborhood Assistance Program utilizes tax in wages is primarily spent not saved), and (2) most of the spending remains in-state by nature of the work (e.g., construction workers and those providing social services are likely to be located in Pennsylvania to provide services to

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MTR-2017-08.pdf

connected to declining prime-age labor force participation, especially for men. 3 Other research finds that nearly one-half of workers not in the labor force due to reasons other than school, retirement or disability, had taken an opioid the previous day. 4 Opioid abuse also reduces worker productivity and increases the utilization of medical and sick leave. Opioid abuse in Pennsylvania was estimated to trigger at least

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MSC_March_31_2021.pdf

Lost Jobs Will Not Return Soon Labor productivity (output per hour) surged in 2020  Automation | release less productive employees | working more Dramatic shift in consumer spending patterns  Online sales tax collections double | shift to larger firms with online presence example: retail clothing store employment still down by ~20%  Investment in the home: gyms, meal preparation, entertainment, remodels Remote working is here to stay  Impacts restaurants, dry cleaners, formal/business casual clothing sales  Gasoline consumption down 10% for

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Monthly_Economic_Update_February_2022.pdf

PA Real Average Hourly Earnings Contract, but Some Workers Gain In January 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released December employment and average hourly earnings data the table below shows the year-over-year (YOY) growth in the nominal average hourly earnings for all private payroll workers for Pennsylvania. The data exclude government workers and self-employed individuals and are not seasonally adjusted. Although the data are

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IFO_ Job_Posting_Jan_2022.pdf

writing skills are also required, as well as proficiency with Microsoft Office products. Starting salary is commensurate with education and work experience and may range from $55,000 to $80,000 depending on those criteria. Positions include full health and pension benefits, and work remotely 3 days per week (parking included for workdays in office). Interested applicants can submit resumes (cover letter not required

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Five_Year_Outlook_2020_Presentation_Final.pdf

deficit  November 2019 IFO Outlook identifies a ~$1.0 billion structural deficit  What has changed? | Why is it worse? Questions taken at end of presentation January 21, 2021 1 Pennsylvania Demographics January 21, 2021 2 Age Cohort Number (000s 2% Note: Forecasts do not include impact from COVID-19. Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Forecast by IFO. More Residents Working Offsets Demographics January 21, 2021 3 Share Employed Age Group 2010 2019 Change 19 to 24 51.8% 57.7%

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CompetePA_March_11_2021.pdf

Lost Jobs Will Not Return Soon Labor productivity (output per hour) surged in 2020  Automation | release less productive employees | working more Dramatic shift in consumer spending patterns  Online sales tax collections double | shift to larger firms with online presence example: retail clothing store employment still down by ~50%  Investment in the home: gyms, meal preparation, entertainment, remodels Remote working is here to stay  Impacts restaurants, dry cleaners, formal/business casual clothing sales  Gasoline consumption down 10% for

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Budget_Hearing_Testimony-Feb2014.pdf

wages. For 2013, wage growth was modest due to low inflation and significant slack in the labor market, which reduces worker leverage. In order for workers to realize wage gains, the slack must be removed from the labor market. Hiring must increase for an extended period

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Budget Hearings Packet.pdf

2017-18 Executive Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.076 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 for work related to contracted actuarial analysis, and those funds are dedicated to that purpose. A statement that details the actual and economic and employment growth slower than U.S. and adjacent states. 8 Demographic Outlook From 2015 to 2025, the Pennsylvania working age population will contract by 181,000. 9 Pennsylvania population growth is slower than U.S. and adjacent states. 10

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Budget Hearings Packet- Web Version.pdf

2017-18 Executive Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.076 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 for work related to contracted actuarial analysis, and those funds are dedicated to that purpose. A statement that details the actual and economic and employment growth slower than U.S. and adjacent states. 8 Demographic Outlook From 2015 to 2025, the Pennsylvania working age population will contract by 181,000. 9 Pennsylvania population growth is slower than U.S. and adjacent states. 10

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2000_cost_of_living_adjustments.pdf

current benefit amount, in order to most effectively achieve the more narrowly focused purposes typical of these adjustments. In other words, a non-proportional method for calculating postretirement adjustments is most appropriate when the reason for the postretirement adjustment justifies targeting For retirement benefits established before retirement occurs, actuarial funding accumulates the total financing required to provide the benefit during the working lifetimes of the active members. Since it is not possible to accumulate the required financing before retirement in the case

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TC_2023_Rural_Jobs_Investment.pdf

the application date. ▪ Be registered to do business in the Commonwealth and subject to Pennsylvania taxes. Rural Businesses Rural businesses work directly with the rural growth funds and not DCED. In order to qualify for an invest- ment from a rural for Rural Jobs Cause Trouble for Some States,” Stateline (April 2017). CreationDate: 2023-02-23 16:41:02 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-23 16:42:38 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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TC_2022_Educational_Tax_Credits.pdf

make contributions to an approved organization from the applicable list published by DCED. 15 ETC organizations receive business contributions and work with designated schools or educational improvement programs to distribute funds. From FY 2015-16 through FY 2019-20, the number Page 36 Appendix | Page 37 Appendix | Page 38 Appendix | Page 39 CreationDate: 2022-01-23 21:59:59 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-01-23 22:00:51 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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TC_2020_Mobile Telecommunications Broadband Investment Tax Credit.pdf

to 4 9 For example, see “The Return on Investment in Broadband Infrastructure and Utilization Initiatives,” Strategic Net- works Group, Inc. (January 2014), “Broadband’s Impact A Brief Literature Review,” Roberto Gallardo, Brian Whitacre and Alison Grant, Purdue University Center for 18-034 (March 2018). Appendix | Page 25 Stakeholder Feedback CreationDate: 2020-01-16 21:08:03 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-01-16 21:08:57 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Tax_Credit_and_Other_Incentives_2022.pdf

estate development efforts. The budget for FY 2022-23 is $10.9 million. • Workforce and Economic Development Network (WedNet) provides worker training programs to in-state and relocating businesses. Expenditures increased by $2.8 million (34%) to $11.0 million in ifo.state.pa.us. Office Website: www.ifo.state.pa.us CreationDate: 2022-12-21 14:38:45 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-12-21 14:39:30 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Revenue-Estimate-2023-05.pdf

the table.) Based on that comparison, notable results are as follows:  Total wages and salaries paid to all payroll workers (+20.4%) grew at roughly the same rate as the state economy.  Due to federal stimulus, low interest rates The long-term trend decline in cigarette tax collections moderated during the pandemic when many em- ployees moved to remote work and were able to smoke with fewer restrictions. For FY 2022-23, cigarette tax collections are expected to fall to

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Revenue-Estimate-2020-05-Presentation.pdf

000s) 30 -1,035 -615 -315 -165 Note: Payroll Jobs exclude independent contractors and self-employed. Job loss includes seasonal workers and those who cannot file for unemployment compensation. Sources: Value for 2020.1 jobs from the U.S. Bureau of YOY withholding growth rate is ~-6.0%  But payroll employment down ~17% for April  Due to types of workers affected: lower wage and part-time Quarterly and annual payments delayed to July 15  March and June quarterly, April

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Response-Letter-9-30-2019.pdf

in the SUT rate would coincide with a revenue neutral adjustment to the SUT transfers for public transportation. In other words, public transportation would not receive a funding windfall from an increase in the tax rate.  The SUT estimates for and footwear already subject to the 6% state tax are excluded. CreationDate: 2019-09-30 17:37:35 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2021-01-25 18:16:42 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-09-19-2019.pdf

See Bee, Adam and Joshua Mitchell, “Do Older Americans Have More Income Than We Think?” U.S. Census Bureau, SESHD Working Paper #2017-39 (July 2017) and O’Hara, Amy, Adam Bee and Joshua Mitchell, “Preliminary Research for Replacing or Supplementing renters. If all property taxes were eliminated, those funds could be redirected to other purposes. Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-09-25 15:53:00 ModDate: 2019-09-25 15:53:00 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-09-12-2019.pdf

See Bee, Adam and Joshua Mitchell, “Do Older Americans Have More Income Than We Think?” U.S. Census Bureau, SESHD Working Paper #2017-39 (July 2017) and O’Hara, Amy, Adam Bee and Joshua Mitchell, “Preliminary Research for Replacing or Supplementing the office website three business days after transmittal to your office. Sincerely, Matthew Knittel Director Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-09-17 17:22:40 ModDate: 2019-09-17 17:22:40 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-09-12-2019-Part-2.pdf

See Bee, Adam and Joshua Mitchell, “Do Older Americans Have More Income Than We Think?” U.S. Census Bureau, SESHD Working Paper #2017-39 (July 2017) and O’Hara, Amy, Adam Bee and Joshua Mitchell, “Preliminary Research for Replacing or Supplementing 000 Yough 768,337 -584,000 Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education. Computations by the IFO. Author: Charlene Raves Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-09-17 17:18:26 ModDate: 2019-09-17 17:18:26 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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RB_2021_11_Wage_Growth.pdf

only) and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) published September data for total wages paid to U.S. workers. 1 The ECI data show the largest annual gain since publication of that series (2001) with 4.2% year-over- Record Historic Wage Growth Independent Fiscal Office | Research Brief | November 2021 CreationDate: 2021-11-03 13:02:07 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-11-03 13:03:01 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2021_09_Pension_Outlook.pdf

s pension systems and potential implications for the state budget. Notable Legislation As part of its statutory duties, the IFO works with the state pension systems and contracted actuaries to analyze proposed pension legislation. The acts below were analyzed by the by the IFO. Note: Dollars in billions, except per capita amount. CreationDate: 2021-09-28 12:02:17 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-09-28 13:46:46 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB-2017-5.pdf

and transfer income (e.g., Social Security and various medical and income maintenance benefits).  Payroll Employment The number of workers in the state economy. Excludes sole proprietors, military personnel, private household employees, unpaid volunteers, farm employees, certain partners of partnership growth in personal income tax collections. Personal income tax collections appear to be responsive to employment growth because residents not working still receive income and purchase goods and services, which becomes (taxable) income for the recipients. 7 Wages typically comprise 70

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RB-10-2020-Economic_Development_Incentives.pdf

Loans ($68.1 million) increased $60.0 million over the prior year due to the creation of the COVID-19 Working Capital Access Program. This program lent $61.0 million to support small businesses (less than 100 full-time employees) that Phone: 717-230-8293 Office Website: www.ifo.state.pa.us CreationDate: 2020-10-14 20:05:20 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-10-14 20:05:59 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Press_Release_2018_Economic_and_Budget_Outlook.pdf

Follow the Independent Fiscal Office on Twitter at www.twitter.com/ind_fisc_office. Contact: Matthew Knittel, 717-230-8293 # # # Title: Microsoft Word - press release - 2015 economic and budget outlook Author: MJR Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2018-11-15 16:07:37 ModDate: 2018-11-15 16:07:37 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Press_Release_2017_Economic_and_Budget_Outlook.pdf

on recent cost containment efforts.  Pennsylvania’s fiscal outlook is constrained by its demographics. A projected contraction of the working age population (ages 20-64) moderates economic growth. An increase in the 65+ cohort will (1) restrain tax revenues due 8293 # # # Author: MJR Company: Microsoft Created: D:20151208 CreationDate: 2017-11-16 17:20:40 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word LastSaved: D:20161111 ModDate: 2017-11-16 17:20:41 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20171116172031 Title

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press release - economic and budget outlook.pdf

are important downside risks associated with global economic weakness and the uncertainties of federal tax policy.  The number of working-aged residents between ages 20 and 64 will decline by one percent between 2010 and 2020. The number of residents age 65 and over will increase by nearly 27 percent over this same period. A decline in the working-age population, combined with a dramatic increase in the elderly, will diminish tax revenues while placing additional pressure on Medical

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Presentation_PBC_6-12-14.pdf

Participation Rates increase rapidly for those 55- 64 and >64 years of age. o But rates are declining for younger workers.  Trend Projected to Continue o Baby Boomers continue to work. Delay retirement. o Lost Wealth? But trend starts before recession. o Insufficient savings? Longer life spans?  Possible Skills Gap

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Presentation_PASBO_Annual_Conference_3-8-2018.pdf

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education. March 8, 2018 Demographic Update Population Distribution: U.S. vs. PA Trends for School Age, Working Age and Older Adult Groups Population Distribution: U.S. and PA 21 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 School Age (0-19) Working Age (20-64) Older Adult (65 and over) Thousands 2010 2017 2025 22 March 8, 2018 PA Demographic trends Group

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Presentation_Lancaster_Chamber_2017-07-14.pdf

Demographic Trends 7/14/2017 6 Subtle, yet crucial impact.  Hard to see in a single year.  Determines work force, income sources and spending patterns. PA is now in middle of a retirement wave.  First Boomers turned 65 the share of the age group that is part of the labor force. The labor force includes all individuals actively working or seeking work. Source: PA Department of Labor and Industry, Center for Workforce Information and Analysis. Regional Population Comparison 7

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Presentation_2016-05-12_PaDUC_Impact_of_Demographics.pdf

s Presentation 12.May.2016 Demographic Trends All Projections from Penn State Data Center Reflects US Census Estimates for 2015 Working Age Population Projected to Decline Demographic Wave: Retirements Next Decade 4 12.May.2016 Number of Residents Gain or Loss Force Participation Rates increase rapidly for those 55‐64 and >64 years of age. • But rates are declining for younger workers. Trend Projected to Continue. • Baby Boomers continue to work. Delay retirement. • Lost Wealth? But trend starts before recession. • Insufficient savings

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Jan_25_2022.pdf

Community HealthChoices 108 11.6% 10,959 75.4% Hearings and Appeals 99 10.6% 14 0.1% Child Care Works 78 8.4% 917 6.3% CHIP 28 3.0% 368 2.5% Early Intervention Program 13 1.4% 222 Visiting and Family Support Services. DHS General Fund Appropriations (FY 2021-22) January 25, 2022 8 Appropriations CHC Child Care Works LIFE FFS LTC Other Grants Other Total MA-Community HealthChoices $3,678 -- -- -- -- -- $3,678 Early Intervention -- -- -- -- -- $173 173 LTC Managed

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PBB_2020_PEMA_REPORT.pdf

states and descriptive statistics. The final category includes a broad range of metrics that provide insights into the work performed by an agency and the services provided. Those metrics supply background, context and support for other metrics, and they may not policymakers that increase their general knowledge of agency operations. They also provide agencies a platform to discuss the work they do and the services they provide. In general, the plans submitted to the PBB Board are best used (1) to monitor

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Official_Revenue_Estimate_Methodology_2022.pdf

Accounts, any payments made by employers on behalf of employees for health or life insurance, life insurance proceeds, unemployment compensation, worker’s compensation, compensation for certain military service and most educational grants and scholarships. Methodology The personal income tax (PIT) model Revenues Note: Figures in dollar millions. Years are fiscal year ending. CreationDate: 2022-07-06 12:45:55 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-07-06 12:47:41 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Official_Revenue_Estimate_Methodology_2021.pdf

Accounts, any payments made by employers on behalf of employees for health or life insurance, life insurance proceeds, unemployment compensation, worker’s compensation, compensation for certain military service and most educational grants and scholarships. Methodology The personal income tax (PIT) model are fiscal year ending. Lottery Fund Revenues Historical and Projected Revenues CreationDate: 2021-06-24 17:48:23 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-06-24 17:49:04 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-Methodology-2020-6.pdf

payments made by employers on behalf of employees for health or life insurance, life insurance proceeds, unemployment compensation, worker’s compensation, compensation for certain military service and most educational grants and scholarships. Methodology The personal income tax (PIT) model is a year ending. Lottery Fund Revenues Historical and Projected Revenues CreationDate: 2020-07-21 03:49:27 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-07-21 13:00:00 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-Methodology-2019-06.pdf

payments made by employers on behalf of employees for health or life insurance, life insurance proceeds, unemployment compensation, worker’s compensation, compensation for certain military service and most educational grants and scholarships. Methodology The personal income tax (PIT) model is a dollar millions. Years are fiscal year ending. Lottery Fund Net Revenues Historical and Projected Author: matthew Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-07-03 16:50:20 ModDate: 2019-07-03 16:50:20 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-2020-06-Presentation.pdf

Jobs (000s) 30 -950 -555 -295 -170 Note: Payroll Jobs exclude independent contractors and self-employed. Job loss includes seasonal workers and those who cannot file for unemployment compensation. Sources: Value for 2020.1 jobs from the U.S. Bureau of YOY withholding growth rate is ~-7.0%  But payroll employment down ~17% for April  Due to types of workers affected: lower wage and part-time Quarterly and annual payments delayed to July 15  March and June quarterly, April

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-2019-06.pdf

who have found it more difficult to fill vacant positions. These conditions are partly driven by a contracting working age cohort between the ages of 20 and 64. Demographics data show that the con- traction began in 2012 as the oldest Historical Data | Page 23 - This page intentionally left blank. - CreationDate: 2019-06-21 18:23:19 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2019-06-21 18:33:50 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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NewsStand_2019_August.pdf

2000 On August 14, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that the number of full-time, non-seasonal health care workers grew from 5 million to 9 million since 2000. In 2017, three-quarters of these health care jobs were filled such as pharmacists, physicians and surgeons, dentists and veterinarians, as compared to 2000. However, median earnings gains for heath care workers with a Bachelor’s degree or less were relatively small when compared to workers with advanced degrees. New Federal Tax

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MTR-2016-10.pdf

2% 0.2% -38.7% Dollar amounts are in millions. RECENT TRENDS IN WAGE INCOME Wages and salaries earned by workers are an integral part of the state and national economies. For Pennsylvania, wage income ($308.2 billion) comprised nearly one jobs (full and part-time, orange bars) and (2) the growth in the average annual wage (blue bars) paid to workers. During the prior expansion, employment increased at an average rate of 0.8% per annum, or nearly 50,000 jobs

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MSC_March_31_2022.pdf

Tipped cash wage increased to regular minimum wage Preliminary Analysis ▪ Strong wage growth | smaller labor force than pre-Covid ▪ Fewer workers impacted compared to prior analyses ▪ ~640,000 non-tipped workers make < $12/hr ▪ Smaller potential loss in jobs (mostly not filling vacant positions) ▪ Moderate gains to General Fund revenues CNIT

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Monthly_Economic_Update_January_2023.pdf

in Employment (Household Survey) The month-to-month change in total employment (includes self -employed) based on number of residents working. The number of residents employed increased 10,800 in December from the prior month and continues to surpass the pre- pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in the winter when seasonal workers claim benefits.)  Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or

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Monthly_Economic_Update_December_2022.pdf

pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in the winter when seasonal workers claim benefits.) • Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The LFPR contracted to 61.6% and remains well below the pre-pandemic average (62.8%

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Lancaster_Chamber_Presentation_ Oct_6_2021.pdf

0 62.0 63.0 64.0 Unexpected decline since May # unemployed falls but modest job gains Where Did the Workers Go? Early retirements – but only national survey data available ▪ Rate of retirements double first 15 months of pandemic (Oxford Economics) ▪ But how much is a timing issue? | When would they have retired? More workers stay at home in caretaker/teacher roles ▪ Large drop in nursing home staff ▪ Childcare availability remains below pre-pandemic levels

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Labor_Market_Update_October_2021.pdf

leisure and hospitality), and for those sectors, a contraction is normal due to seasonal patterns as younger or part-time workers return to school. However, the September contraction was smaller-than-normal and offsets some of the weak seasonal hiring in August to September, the non-seasonally adjusted data show that the number of residents classified as unemployed (but looking for work) declined by 78,000 while the overall labor force participation rate declined from 61.5% to 61.0% despite strong

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Labor_Market_Update_July_2021.pdf

June This document provides a monthly update on the status of the state labor market and the pool of potential workers who may re-enter the workforce this summer and fall. Based on the latest data for June 2021, Pennsylvania payroll through the end of the program while the average traditional UC recipient may claim $4,550. For an employee who works 30 hours per week (a significant portion of lost jobs were part-time), the average value of the weekly transfer

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ITEP-Presentation-11-14-2019.pdf

Introduction to ITEP The Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) is a non-profit, non-partisan research organization that works on federal, state, and local tax policy issues. ITEP's mission is to ensure that elected officials, the media, and tax fairness tool. Sensible Corporate Income Tax Reform Options Available to Pennsylvania  Don’t give up. Repeal has not worked well for states taking this path.  Focus first on base-broadening reforms  Avoid “race to the bottom.” 

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IFO_Testimony_Feb2018.pdf

known what corporations will do with the tax cut. Corporations could do any or all of the following: (1) raise worker wages, (2) pay down debt, (3) reduce prices, (4) pay dividends, (5) buy back shares, (6) purchase machinery, equipment or my opening remarks and I would be happy to address any questions that you may have. Thank you. Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2018-02-14 16:18:30 ModDate: 2018-02-14 16:18:30

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IFO_Response_Letter_April_5_2023.pdf

See Bee, Adam and Joshua Mitchell, “Do Older Americans Have More Income Than We Think?” U.S. Census Bureau, SESHD Working Paper #2017-39 (July 2017) and O’Hara, Amy, Adam Bee and Joshua Mitchell, “Preliminary Research for Replacing or Supplementing to your office. Sincerely, Matthew J. Knittel Director, Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2023-04-05 16:40:15 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-04-13 19:07:25 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_PASBO_Presentation_Nov_2021.pdf

Association of School Business Officials November 16, 2021 Two Parts Overview of IFO Five-Year Economic and Budget Outlook ▪ Will workers return? ▪ Does inflation decelerate? ▪ Do budget surpluses last? Property Tax Update ▪ No look at COVID-19 impact on SD collections Federal programs Childcare Eldercare Home schooling COVID concerns Savings cushion Lifestyle change Early retirements Labor Force = Employed + Unemployed Who Stopped Working? Not Just the Elderly November 16, 2021 4 PA Employment / Population Ratio by Age Group 62.9% 73.4% 77

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IFO_Hearing_Packet_Feb2019.pdf

2019-20 Executive Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.293 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 for work related to contracted actuarial analysis, and those funds are dedicated to that purpose. A statement that details the actual and 18-22 0 to 19 school 3,172 3,061 2,988 2,923 -112 -73 -65 20 to 64 working 7,576 7,594 7,500 7,381 18 -95 -118 65 to 74 seniors 983 1,153 1,313

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IFO_Hearing_Materials_March_2023.pdf

Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.34 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 of dedicated funding for work related to pension analysis. Mission Statement The Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) provides revenue projections for use in the state budget sales taxes may also apply. Independent Fiscal Office 25 March 2023 CreationDate: 2023-03-15 14:11:09 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-15 17:42:48 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO ppt.pdf

959 2,450 15.4% 18.8% 25.0% Total 12,702 13,000 100.0% 100.0% 2.3% Working Age 7,564 7,426 59.5% 57.1% -1.8% January 18, 2012 Independent Fiscal Office Economic & Budget Outlook Fiscal Office Economic & Budget Outlook 2012 Revenue Conference Personal Income Tax • Long-term – possible erosion of the tax base as working age population declines and the number of seniors increases. • Short term – weaker than expected collections from employer withholding for the

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House Budget Hearing Request.pdf

2014 to 2015 are enclosed. (Please refer to Tables A and B.) Representative Briggs asked about the number of people working on performance measures in Washington State. The Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) website indicates that the office has 22 professional staff. 2 This does not include state agency or legislative staff that also work to measure program effectiveness in Washington State. Representative Keller expressed interest in expenditure growth in Pennsylvania as compared to other

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House Appropriation Response Letter 2-28-2020.pdf

Doctors Alliance (PDA), Pennsylvania Liquor Enforcement Association (PLEA), Service Employees International Union (SEIU) Local 668, SEIU Healthcare, United Food & Commercial Workers (UFCW), Management and Non- Represented Employees. 2 Other includes Environmental Hearing Board, Ethics Commission, Governor's Office, Health Care Cost Safety Authority, and State Employees Retirement System (SERS). BY DEPARTMENT ($ millions) CreationDate: 2020-02-28 16:43:17 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-03-11 15:25:50 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Five_Year_Outlook_2016_Press_Release.pdf

rates are projected to abate.  Pennsylvania’s fiscal outlook is constrained by its demographics. A projected contraction of the working age population (ages 20-64) moderates economic growth. An increase in the 65+ cohort (14.7 percent through 2020) will 8293 # # # Author: mryan Company: Microsoft Created: D:20151208 CreationDate: 2016-11-15 15:01:36 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word LastSaved: D:20161111 ModDate: 2016-11-15 15:01:36 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20161115150015 Title

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EPLC_3_4_2022_update.pdf

003 13,090 301 87 0.2% 0.1% Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Forecast by IFO. All Age Groups Working Less March 4, 2022 5 PA Employment / Population Ratio by Age Group 56.0% 72.6% 76.4% 74.9% 3 Dec 18 62.6 Advance CTC begins $600/wk ends Dec 2019 vs Dec 2021 -3.5 ppt, -360k workers Payroll Jobs Contract March 4, 2022 7 Payroll Jobs Contraction (000s) 5,100 5,300 5,500 5,700 5

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EPLC-2-19-21.pdf

2% Note: Forecasts do not include impact from COVID-19. Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Forecast by IFO. More Residents Working Offsets Demographics February 19, 2021 5 Share Employed Age Group 2010 2019 Change 19 to 24 51.8% 57.7% 7% ALL 57.2% 60.4% +3.1% Note: Excludes jobs held by residents under age 19. Shares are number working in age group divided by number of residents in age group. Figures are lower than labor force participation rates reported

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County-Prop-Tax-RB.pdf

See Bee, Adam and Joshua Mitchell, “Do Older Americans Have More Income Than We Think?” U.S. Census Bureau, SESHD Working Paper #2017-39 (July 2017). The income reported to the ACS also excludes capital gains. For tax year 2017, Pennsylvania Tax Burden by County – Household Income $50,000 to $100,000 CreationDate: 2020-04-07 18:03:12 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-04-07 18:10:01 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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2023_Wage_Contract_Summary_Table.pdf

Service Employees International Union, Local 668 - Unemployment Compensation SEIU Healthcare Service Employees International Union, Healthcare UFCW United Food and Commercial Workers UGSOA United Government Security Officers of America Total $233 $418 $573 $723 $1,946 Note: Figures in dollar millions. Fiscal from the Office of Administration. Budget Impact of Collective Bargaining Agreements CreationDate: 2023-09-18 19:06:43 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-09-18 19:10:35 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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2013 Appropriation Hearings Background Information.pdf

is required to provide budget-related information to policy makers. In addition to the statutory duties, the IFO seeks to work with the majority and minority chairs of the Appropriations Committees to analyze the state economy and revenues. The deadlines for uncertainty. If the fiscal issues are resolved, those funds could be used to reinvest in the business or hire additional workers. • Strength in the housing sector spills over to the rest of the economy. Increasing sales and home values have a

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2004_srpvffinal.pdf

across the nation. The reasons for this decline may be traced to recent societal changes such as: the more mobile work force, the presence of competing interests, and the demands of two-income families. The decline in available volunteer manpower has companies and their affiliated organizations. These other functions include the following: first aid, rescue and salvage, ambulance services, fire police work, radio communications, assistance at accidents, animal rescue, abatement of conditions due to disasters, and participation in public celebrations, parades, and

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WC-2019-SEIU.pdf

of Collective Bargaining Agreement SEIU Local 668 millions of dollars 1/ Annual savings from the replacement of high-wage senior workers with less experienced lower wage workers (2.20 percent multiplied by the prior year wage base). These savings would have been realized regardless of the new

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WC-2019-AFSCME.pdf

of Collective Bargaining Agreement AFSCME Council 13 millions of dollars 1/ Annual savings from the replacement of high-wage senior workers with less experienced lower wage workers (1.75 percent multiplied by the prior year wage base). These savings would have been realized regardless of the new

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Test_document.pdf

Test document Author: Shane Bordner Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2018-12-28 14:21:24 ModDate: 2018-12-28 14:21:24 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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TC_2023_PA_Resource_Manufacturing.pdf

economic activity that occurred during the construction phase was temporary and some jobs were likely filled by out-of-state workers. For these reasons (no tax credits have been issued and no economic reports have been filed), it is not possible barrels of ethane per day (generate $76.7 million PRM tax credits annually) and employ 600 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers (direct employment). 14 That level of economic activity is projected to generate total FTE employment of 3,600 (direct, indirect

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TC_2022_Mixed_Use_Development.pdf

Appendix | Page 19 Agency Feedback Appendix | Page 20 Appendix | Page 21 CreationDate: 2022-01-20 13:53:56 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-01-20 13:56:05 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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TC_2022_Brewers.pdf

Appendix | Page 19 Stakeholder Feedback Appendix | Page 20 Appendix | Page 21 CreationDate: 2022-01-22 01:06:01 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-01-22 01:06:31 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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TC_2021_Resource_Enhancement_and_Protection.pdf

Appendix | Page 33 Agency Feedback Appendix | Page 34 Appendix | Page 35 CreationDate: 2021-04-26 12:16:26 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-04-26 12:16:44 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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State-Tax-Comparison-2020-01.pdf

Historical Tax Table CY 2014 CY 2017 CY 2011 CreationDate: 2020-02-07 14:47:17 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-02-07 14:47:54 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016 Subject: Independent Fiscal Office Title: Tax Comparison Study

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State and Local Tax Burden Study.pdf

pa.us. Title: State and Local Tax Comparison Study Author: Lauren Mondschein Subject: Independent Fiscal Office Creator: Microsoft® Word 2010 CreationDate: 2012-10-12 17:17:12 ModDate: 2012-10-12 17:17:12 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2010

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SERS_Stress_Test_Impact_Analysis_2022.pdf

in billions. Data from SERS, General Fund projections by the IFO. CreationDate: 2023-02-22 15:02:37 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-22 15:04:49 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Sen_Maj_Pol_Comm_Brain_Drain_Workshop_04_30_2019.pdf

Annual Domestic Migration of College-Age Adults (18-24 Year Olds) in Pennsylvania (2006 - 2017) Annual Domestic Migration of Young, Working-Age Adults (25-34 Year Olds) in Pennsylvania (2006 - 2017) 69,395 61,252 61,725 62,177 0 10 single year files (2007 and 2017). Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2019-04-29 12:59:21 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2019-04-29 13:09:22 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20190429125745

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RTR-2015-01.pdf

Office • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania • www.ifo.state.pa.us Author: MJR CreationDate: 2015-02-02 17:47:18 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2010 ModDate: 2015-02-02 18:13:25 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2010

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RTR-2014-03.pdf

Office • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania • www.ifo.state.pa.us Author: MJR CreationDate: 2014-04-07 14:18:49 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2010 ModDate: 2014-04-07 17:07:10 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2010

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RTR-2013-11.pdf

Office • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania • www.ifo.state.pa.us Author: MJR CreationDate: 2013-12-06 17:02:02 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2010 ModDate: 2014-01-15 15:35:07 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2010

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Revenue_Estimate_Performance_2023_08.pdf

assumes that the delayed revenues were received in FY 2019-20. CreationDate: 2023-08-09 15:14:05 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-08-09 15:22:36 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Revenue_Estimate_2023_06.pdf

the table.) Based on that comparison, notable results are as follows:  Total wages and salaries paid to all payroll workers (+20.4%) grew at roughly the same rate as the state economy.  Due to federal stimulus, low interest rates The long-term trend decline in cigarette tax collections moderated during the pandemic when many em- ployees moved to remote work and were able to smoke with fewer restrictions. For FY 2022-23, cigarette tax collections are expected to fall to

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Revenue_Estimate_2021_05_Presentation.pdf

payments ▪ ~120,000 is normal non-recession level | difference of +400,000 ▪ ~500,000 receive PUA payments ▪ ~900,000 potential workers | excludes most college and high school students Translates into ~$1.9 billion per month (April 2021) ▪ Expires September 4 | dramatic Income Tax Withholding growth appears to accelerate despite minimal hiring ▪ Data very preliminary | not possible to assign gains to certain workers Annual payments much stronger than last fiscal year ▪ Up ~+17% (adjusted for shifts) ▪ Likely causes: stock market and timing of

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Revenue-Estimate-Performance-2019-07.pdf

Fund approved in December 2015. Author: Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2019-07-26 12:44:26 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2019-07-26 12:48:03 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-2-27-2020.pdf

to your office. Sincerely, Matthew J. Knittel Director, Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2020-02-27 16:29:42 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-03-04 12:57:05 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-11-08-2019.pdf

see http://www.ifo.state.pa.us/download.cfm?file=/Resources/Documents/SR2017-06.pdf Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-11-06 15:21:08 ModDate: 2019-11-06 15:21:08 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-09-06-2019.pdf

ifo.state.pa.us/getfile.cfm?file=/Resources/Documents/Response-Letter-08-16-2019.pdf Author: Charlene Raves Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-09-12 13:07:56 ModDate: 2019-09-12 13:07:56 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Response-Letter-08-16-2019.pdf

Statistical Report: https://www.revenue.pa.gov/GeneralTaxInformation/News%20and%20Statistics/ReportsStats/PTRR/GenAssembly/ Documents/2019_ptrr_report.pdf. Author: Charlene Raves Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-08-21 19:28:13 ModDate: 2019-08-21 19:28:13 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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RB_2023_1_Population_Contraction.pdf

Population Contracts Since 2020 Independent Fiscal Office | Research Brief | January 2023 CreationDate: 2023-01-04 19:01:14 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-01-04 19:01:40 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_08_PTRR_Expansion.pdf

Claimants Total Increase ($000s) Table 3 Continued: Expansion Impact by County CreationDate: 2023-08-09 13:39:02 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-08-09 13:48:17 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_08_Property_Tax_Burden_by_County.pdf

this report can be directed to jbushman@ifo.state.pa.us. CreationDate: 2023-08-22 14:37:31 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-08-22 14:53:25 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_05_Migration.pdf

Therefore, the totals will not match similar totals in Table 1. CreationDate: 2023-05-03 13:21:27 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-05-03 13:21:58 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_03_Rental_Assistance.pdf

for all counties. Cumberland County data excluded due to reporting anomalies. CreationDate: 2023-03-07 13:01:06 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-07 13:21:16 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_03_Rainy_Day_Fund.pdf

State Budget Reserves Buffer Against Mounting Fiscal Threats" (March 16, 2023). CreationDate: 2023-03-24 16:24:22 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-24 16:24:56 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_03_Electricity_Update.pdf

megawatt hours. Emissions in million metric tons. Generation Emissions Per Unit CreationDate: 2023-03-03 18:43:43 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-03 18:45:15 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2023_01_SNAP.pdf

Allotments End in February Independent Fiscal Office | Research Brief | January 2023 CreationDate: 2023-02-02 20:22:41 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-02 20:23:12 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2022_12_UC_By_AGI.pdf

Unemployment Compensation by AGI Independent Fiscal Office | Research Brief | December 2022 CreationDate: 2022-12-20 16:23:50 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-12-20 16:24:31 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2022_09_Student_Loan_Forgiveness.pdf

000s. Includes pro-ration for borrowers who do not report state. CreationDate: 2022-08-31 13:19:20 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-08-31 13:20:55 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2022_06_PA_Migration.pdf

Statistics of Income Division, SOI Tax Stats, Migration Data 2019-2020. CreationDate: 2022-06-02 12:44:50 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-06-02 12:45:08 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2022_06_PA_Gasoline_Tax.pdf

incrementally increases the AWP to the new $2.99 statutory minimum. CreationDate: 2022-06-13 12:56:29 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-06-13 12:57:05 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2022_06_Act_105_Pre-Funding_Impact.pdf

in credits issued to Penn State in Fiscal Year 2020-21. CreationDate: 2022-06-13 13:34:40 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-06-13 13:34:54 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_2021_02 County Income Patterns.pdf

Phone: 717-230-8293 Office Website: www.ifo.state.pa.us CreationDate: 2021-08-10 12:21:08 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-08-10 12:21:26 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB_09_2023_Treasury.pdf

FY 2023-24 is estimated. High Interest Rates Drive Treasury Collections CreationDate: 2023-09-25 14:15:14 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-09-25 14:16:18 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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RB-2020-COVID-19 Local Revenue Impact.pdf

District Municipal Note: Millions of dollars. Source: All projections by IFO. CreationDate: 2020-07-14 12:52:09 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-07-16 17:40:07 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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RB-2020-03 County Income Patterns.pdf

Phone: 717-230-8293 Office Website: www.ifo.state.pa.us CreationDate: 2020-06-10 12:15:47 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-06-10 13:32:57 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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RB 2019 Natural Gas Royalties.pdf

8293 Office Website: www.ifo.state.pa.us Top Eight Counties in Natural Gas Production Author: Michaela Bowers Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2020-01-08 17:52:59 ModDate: 2020-01-08 17:52:59 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Publicity - Economic and Budget Outlook - 2014.pdf

2019-20 will be available. Questions / Information: (717) 230-8293 or contact@ifo.state.pa.us. Author: MJR Creator: Microsoft® Word 2013 CreationDate: 2014-10-23 13:53:12 ModDate: 2014-10-23 13:53:12 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2013

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PSERS_Stress_Test_Impact_Analysis_2023.pdf

Notes: Dollars in billions. Data from PSERS, calculations by the IFO. CreationDate: 2023-03-01 14:45:46 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-01 14:59:34 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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PSBA_January_19_2022.pdf

Force Contraction Continues January 19, 2022 3 Labor Force # Employed + # Unemployed Unemployment Rate # Unemployed / Labor Force Unemployed Actively looked for work in past 4 weeks and available to work 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 -300,000 -200,000 -100,000 0 100,000 Jan 2020 Feb Mar

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Prop_Tax_Burden_by_County_2022.pdf

Rachel Flaugh. Questions regarding this report can be directed to jbushman@ifo.state.pa.us. Author: Matthew Knittel Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-09-06 15:17:03 ModDate: 2022-09-06 15:17:03 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Property-Tax-Update-August-2018.pdf

FY 2018-19 are projections by the IFO. Author: Jesse Bushman CreationDate: 2018-08-16 15:33:33 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2018-08-20 13:22:06 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Presentation_PICPA_12-3-2014.pdf

to 1964. • Retirements reduce the potential labor force. • Oldest reach typical retirement age (65) in 2011. • Many now continue to work past age 65. Generation X or Baby Bust: Born 1965 to 1984. • Unusual exits from labor force. What is the contracts due to shrinking pupil base and pensions. Exception: Labor Force Participation Rates. • Forecast assumes a small increase for younger workers. 3.Dec.2014 A Continuation of Broad Trends 15 Fiscal Outlook Year-to-Date Revenues Long-Term Fiscal Imbalance Tax

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Presentation-2019-3-1-EPLC.pdf

expands despite decline in 20-64 year olds.  Labor force participation rates must increase.  Will there be enough workers over next five years? Moderate growth of historical cost drivers after 19-20.  Pension systems achieve annual returns of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics. Excludes self-employed. 2018 forecast by IFO. Will There Be Enough Workers? March 1, 2019 10 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 1998 2000 2002 2004

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Presentation-2018-11-19-CCAP.pdf

Government -53k | -7% All +263k | +5% 2006 = 1.0 Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Will There Be Enough Workers? November 19, 2018 8 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 1998 2000 2002 2004 Organization GRT Overage (FY 18-19) $351 One-Time Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (FY 18-19) 342 PlanCon Increase 214 Workers’ Compensation Security Fund Transfer Repayment 165 GeneralAssistance Cash Grants 150 Community Healthchoices Regional Expansion 139 Lower FMAP – MA/CHIP (Medicaid

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PBB_TaxCredits_Schedule_2022_Update.pdf

Resource Manufacturing Manufacturing and Investment Waterfront Development Rural Jobs and Investment CreationDate: 2021-12-09 19:48:56 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-12-23 19:41:24 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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PA_Turnpike_Toll_Projections_May_31_2013.pdf

ending May 31. Independent Fiscal Office Page 23 Exhibit 1 Sections of the Pennsylvania Turnpike Author: Stacey Knavel Creator: Microsoft® Word 2010 CreationDate: 2013-08-15 20:22:12 ModDate: 2013-08-15 20:22:12 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2010

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Official-Revenue-Estimate-2018-06.pdf

2018. Table 1.5 Pennsylvania Cash Income 1 Includes resident adjustment for individuals who live in Pennsylvania but work in another state. 2 Average annual growth rate from 2014 to 2019. AAGR 2 Economic Outlook | Page 6 Income and Tax Revenue Use Author: Lesley Rompalo Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2018-06-18 17:21:26 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2018-06-18 17:21:33 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20180618172103

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NGQU_2023_Q2.pdf

22Q4 23Q2 Natural Gas Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Pennsylvania Henry Hub CreationDate: 2023-09-07 15:02:47 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-09-07 15:34:26 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGQU_2023_Q1.pdf

U.S. Energy Information Administration. State Comparison: YOY Production Growth 2022 CreationDate: 2023-05-31 17:28:57 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-05-31 18:47:26 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2022_Q4.pdf

rates are year-over-year. Table 5: Regional Spot Price Trends CreationDate: 2023-03-02 15:52:19 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-03-02 16:29:49 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2022_Q3.pdf

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Pennsylvania Henry Hub Author: Rachel Flaugh Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-12-05 13:03:22 ModDate: 2022-12-05 13:03:22 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2022_Q2.pdf

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Pennsylvania Henry Hub Author: Rachel Flaugh Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-08-18 17:38:35 ModDate: 2022-08-18 17:38:35 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2021_Q4.pdf

2021 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Henry Hub Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2022-02-22 19:15:26 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-02-22 19:32:28 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2021_Q3.pdf

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Henry Hub Pennsylvania Author: Rachel Flaugh Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2021-11-22 15:29:04 ModDate: 2021-11-22 15:29:04 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR_2020_Q4.pdf

2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Henry Hub Pennsylvania Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2021-03-02 19:14:13 ModDate: 2021-03-02 19:14:13 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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NGPR_2020_Q3.pdf

2019 2020 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends Henry Hub Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2020-11-24 18:51:42 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-11-24 19:07:22 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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NGPR-2021-Q1.pdf

2021 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends ($/MMBtu) Henry Hub Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2021-05-24 17:44:38 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-05-24 17:44:51 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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NGPR-2020-Q2.pdf

2019 2020 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends Henry Hub Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2020-08-20 16:05:12 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-08-20 16:15:24 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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NGPR-2020-Q1.pdf

2019 2020 Figure 4 - Regional Spot Price Trends Henry Hub Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2020-05-21 17:18:43 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-05-21 17:24:21 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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NewsStand_2019_September.pdf

for Nonworkers A recent study by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics compared employment trends for two cohorts of working- age men. The first cohort included men born between 1960-64 and the second cohort included men born be- tween cohort. Additionally, the study found that the first cohort reported health issues (51%) and incarceration (24%) as reasons for not working at higher rates than the second cohort (41% and 19%, respectively). Therefore, these two factors were 75% of the cause

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Municipal_Analysts_Presentation.pdf

0% -0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% School 0-19 Working 20-64 Retired 65+ Total 2010-15 2015-20 2020-25 average annual growth rate October 19, 2017 8 0 70 PA 27.7% US 25.6% share of population PA US Age 20 October 19, 2017 9 PA Ratio: Working Age / Retirees-Elderly Note: Ratio is equal to residents age 20-64 to those age 65 and older. PIT is

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MTR-2017-07.pdf

pay a higher annual wage than many expanding sectors, such as healthcare services. 1 Federal data show that lower-wage workers have realized stronger weekly wage gains than higher-wage workers. 2 Some of those gains are due to the implementation of higher minimum wages in various states. For Pennsylvania, the

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MTR-2015-10.pdf

determined by the U.S. Department of Labor based on the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which measures inflation’s effect on a typical bundle of goods and services purchased by consumers. Due to the Pennsylvania economy is significant. In 2014, approximately 2.8 million Pennsylvania residents received Social Security benefits (includes retirees, disabled workers and survivors) valued at nearly $40.8 billion. If Pennsylvania’s Social Security recipients would have received an average COLA

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MQRE_FY22_23_August.pdf

Official estimate. FY 2022-23 Monthly and Quarterly Estimates | Page 9 CreationDate: 2022-09-06 18:39:06 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-09-06 18:39:50 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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MQRE_FY21_22_August.pdf

FY 2020-21 Monthly and Quarterly Estimates | Page 8 CreationDate: 2021-08-31 16:39:55 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-08-31 16:40:20 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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MQRE_FY20_21_Revised_Feb.pdf

increase FY 2020-21 other miscellaneous revenues by $381.2 million. CreationDate: 2021-02-23 17:06:52 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2021-02-23 17:10:52 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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MQRE-FY20-21-Aug.pdf

reduce licenses and fees revenues by $1 million annually. CreationDate: 2021-02-02 15:17:17 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2021-02-02 15:18:44 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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MQRE-FY19-20-Aug.pdf

PIT annual ($1.5 million). FY 2019-20 Monthly and Quarterly Estimates | Page 15 Author: matthew Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-08-09 12:45:59 ModDate: 2019-08-09 12:45:59 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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MQRE-FY18-19-July.pdf

0 million), bank shares ($1.8 million) and personal income-annual ($7.5 million). Author: matthew Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2018-07-30 18:55:34 ModDate: 2018-07-30 18:55:34 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Monthly_Economic_Update_September_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 17. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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Monthly_Economic_Update_September_2022.pdf

COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims are expected in the winter when seasonal workers tend to claim benefits.) • Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The LFPR steadily increased since February, but has been stagnant at 61.7% since May 2022

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Monthly_Economic_Update_October_2022.pdf

pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in the winter when seasonal workers claim benefits.)  Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The LFPR remains stagnant at 61.7% for a fifth consecutive month and remains well below

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Monthly_Economic_Update_November_2022.pdf

pre-COVID average. (Note: these data are not seasonally adjusted and higher new claims occur in the winter when seasonal workers claim benefits.) • Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The LFPR remains stagnant at 61.7% for a sixth consecutive month and remains well below

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Monthly_Economic_Update_May_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 16. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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Monthly_Economic_Update_May_2021.pdf

purchase. PA Total Wage Growth Accelerates Based on the latest four months of data, growth of wages paid to Pennsylvania workers appears to be accelerating as the state economy received a significant boost from the latest round of federal stimulus. The 000 (-6.6%) fewer payroll jobs in 2021 Q1 than 2019 Q1. Data are not yet available to determine the workers who benefited from the strong wage growth. Employee compensation comprises 55% of total state gross domestic product (GDP, the value

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Monthly_Economic_Update_June_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 16. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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Monthly_Economic_Update_July_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 17. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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Monthly_Economic_Update_August_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 17. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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Monthly_Economic_Update_August_2020.pdf

the federal government has funded $4.5 billion in Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) benefits for self-employed and part-time workers affected by the pandemic and $0.2 billion in Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) for individuals that have exhausted regular compensation (UC) benefits. Finally, the state-funded UC program has provided an additional $4.7 billion in support to unemployed workers. The impact of the UC payments is visible in the U.S. personal income data for 2020 Q2 published by

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Monthly_Economic_Update_April_25_2023.pdf

the civilian labor force. The U6 rate includes the U3 unemployed plus those marginally attached to the labor force, discouraged workers and those working part-time for economic reasons. 16. Year-over-year growth rate, domestic profits only. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic

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MER-2014-01.pdf

a share of the civilian non‐institutional population. The higher the labor force participation rate, the larger share of the working‐age population who are working or seeking employment. Since 1998, the Pennsylvania labor force participa‐ tion rate has remained relatively stable, falling slightly from 64

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Labor_Market_Update_June_23_2021.pdf

Pattern This document provides a monthly update on the status of the state labor market and the pool of potential workers who may seek to re-enter the workforce this summer and fall. For 2021 Q1, the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO and quit rates at the highest level since 2000. Both factors reflect a tight labor market and strong demand for workers, which does not align with ongoing job loss or the large number of UC claims. The bottom portion of the

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Initial-Revenue-Estimate-2018-05.pdf

2018. Table 1.5 Pennsylvania Cash Income 1 Includes resident adjustment for individuals who live in Pennsylvania but work in another state. 2 Average annual growth rate from 2014 to 2019. AAGR 2 Economic Outlook | Page 6 Income and Tax Revenue GDP Sales and Use Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2018-05-02 13:17:57 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2018-05-02 13:18:03 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20180501164912

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Impact_Fee_Update_Outlook_2023.pdf

this report can be directed to jbushman@ifo.state.pa.us. CreationDate: 2023-06-26 16:48:05 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-06-26 16:54:31 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Impact_Fee_Update_Outlook_2021.pdf

this report can be directed to jbushman@ifo.state.pa.us. CreationDate: 2021-06-09 18:24:10 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2021-06-09 18:29:27 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Impact-Fee-Update-Outlook-2020.pdf

this report can be directed to jbushman@ifo.state.pa.us. CreationDate: 2020-06-25 13:11:45 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2020-06-25 13:20:11 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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IFO_Testimony_RGGI_Nov_4_2022.pdf

Virginia. Emissions in metric tons. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration. CreationDate: 2022-11-04 13:59:59 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-11-04 14:00:57 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Testimony_CR_June_29_2023.pdf

Changes have been enacted that suggest a reduced revenue impact prospectively. CreationDate: 2023-06-29 13:09:55 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-06-29 13:13:02 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Response_Letter_May_16_2022.pdf

to your office. Sincerely, Matthew J. Knittel Director, Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2022-05-16 17:55:51 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-05-16 17:58:44 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Response_Letter_March_7_2022.pdf

to your office. Sincerely, Matthew J. Knittel Director, Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2022-03-07 14:34:55 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-03-15 13:08:59 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Response_Letter_Jan_20_2023.pdf

Results for Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Tax Cut Average Annual Change CreationDate: 2023-02-15 20:06:12 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-15 20:12:07 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Response_Letter_Feb_21_2023.pdf

the Cap on Net Operating Loss Deductions Notes: In dollar millions. CreationDate: 2023-02-21 17:23:13 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-21 17:25:06 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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IFO_Response_Letter_April_12_2022.pdf

in the SUT rate would coincide with a revenue neutral adjustment to the SUT transfers for public transportation. In other words, public transportation would not receive a funding windfall from an increase in the tax rate.  The SUT estimates for state tax are excluded. Company: Microsoft ContentTypeId: 0x0101007286B3A41AAE134DA202BF9306CA733E CreationDate: 2022-04-12 18:59:28 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 20 for Word ModDate: 2022-04-12 19:04:01 Order: 449000.000000 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 20.5.106

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IFO_Hearing_Packet_Feb2018.pdf

2018‐19 Executive Budget proposes an appropriation of $2.226 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 for work related to contracted actuarial analysis, and those funds are dedicated to that purpose. A statement that details the actual and 3,145 3,115 3,085 3,061 3,039 3,021 3,010 -163 -5.1% 20 to 64 working 7,577 7,621 7,614 7,607 7,596 7,573 7,540 7,510 -67 -0.9% 65

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IFO_Hearing_8-30-2017.pdf

typically receive a number of requests from members of the General Assembly for economic or budgetary analysis. Whenever possible, we work with members to craft a response that will be informative and useful. If reliable data are available for the purpose for FY 2017-18 contains an appropriation of $2.226 million for the office. That amount includes $200,000 for work related to contracted actuarial analysis. Role in the Budget Process The statute creating the IFO outlines several points at which

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IFO testimony CR Hearing Jan 29 2020.pdf

Indiana's rate decreases to 5.25% on July 1, 2020. Source: CCH State Tax SmartCharts (January 2020). Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2020-01-29 17:57:45 ModDate: 2020-01-29 17:57:45

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IFO Five-Year Outlook.pdf

8% 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 Revenues Major Demographic Trends Affecting the Forecast  Working age cohort (age 20 to 64) declines by 1% from 2010 to 2020.  The 65 and over population increases of Findings  Some potential outcomes not included in forecast.  Revenues  Asia and Eurozone growth: could be much worse.  Housing market: faster recovery?  Improved business climate?  Expenditures  All funding cuts made for FY 2012-13

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House_Appropriation_Response_Letter_3_17_2021.pdf

Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/ CreationDate: 2021-03-23 16:01:42 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2021-03-23 16:02:34 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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HAC testimony Feb 2019.pdf

overall strategy that could be used to target limited incentive funds to their best use. Author: Matthew Knittel Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 CreationDate: 2019-02-11 14:01:25 ModDate: 2019-02-11 14:01:25 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Five_Year_Outlook_2015_Press_Release.pdf

percent per annum.  Pennsylvania’s economic growth over the next decade is constrained by the projected contraction of the working age population (ages 20-64).  Demographic projections assume an increase of 32.2 percent in the 65+ cohort through Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2015-12-09 17:49:53 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.16 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - press release - 2015 economic and budget outlook

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Five_Year_Outlook_2014_Press_Release.pdf

annum. • The Pennsylvania population is expected to grow slowly through FY 2019-20. The projections assume no change in the working age population (ages 20-64) and an increase of 2.8 percent per annum in the 65+ cohort. These demographic 717-917-6379 # # # Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2014-11-13 22:05:25 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2014-11-13 22:05:26 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20141113220452

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Five-Year-Outlook-Nov-2013-Press-Release.pdf

a moderate pace. Long-term demographic trends and continued tax base erosion will constrain revenue growth.  The number of working-aged residents between ages 20 and 64 will remain flat between 2010 and 2020. The number of residents age 65 Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2013-11-14 22:18:20 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.8 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - press release - 2013 economic and budget outlook

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Electricity_Update_Sep_2021.pdf

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration. Table 2 - Residential Electricity Price CreationDate: 2022-03-02 15:58:24 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-03-02 16:32:03 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Electricity_Update_March_2022.pdf

Emissions are estimated by the IFO based on 2021 generation and 2020 emissions per unit. Author: Matthew Knittel Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-03-14 14:59:35 ModDate: 2022-03-14 14:59:35 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Econ_Budget_Outlook_Hearing_Response_Letter_02_2023.pdf

Office Attachment cc: The Honorable Matthew Bradford, Chairman, House Appropriations Committee CreationDate: 2023-02-10 19:13:28 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2023-02-10 19:15:15 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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Congressional_Budget_Office_Nov_15_2022.pdf

the federal program or tax rules under consideration, but they make no recommendations. CBO Publishes About 70 Reports, Testimonies, and Working Papers Each Year 5 For additional information, see www.cbo.gov/about/processes. CBO makes no policy recommendations. It hires other organizations ▪ Estimating the effects of policy alternatives ▪ Characterizing uncertainty of estimates ▪ Creating data visualizations ▪ Conducting outreach CBO Makes Its Work Transparent in Different Ways 7 The Budget Outlook as of May 2022 See Congressional Budget Office, The Budget and Economic

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Budget_Hearing_Background_Feb2016.pdf

0% Source: IFO forecast from January 26, 2016 Mid‐Year Update. (11) Pennsylvania Demographic Trends Over the next decade, the working age population will contract by roughly 222,000 residents. Over the next decade, the number of retirees will increase by 0.3% 0.3% Students: Age 0‐19 3,226 3,062 3,048 ‐164 ‐14 ‐0.5% 0.0% Workers: Age 20‐64 7,337 7,603 7,381 267 ‐222 0.4% ‐0.3% Retired: Age 65+ 1,887

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Budget_Hearing_Background-Feb2014.pdf

is required to provide budget-related information to policy makers. In addition to the statutory duties, the IFO seeks to work with the majority and minority chairs of the Appropriations Committees to analyze the state economy and revenues. The deadlines for 0% 20.0% Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2014-02-10 18:41:47 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2014-02-10 18:41:47 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 Title: Front Section - for posting.pdf

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Act_25_Letter_Feb_2022.pdf

to your office. Sincerely, Matthew J. Knittel Director, Independent Fiscal Office CreationDate: 2022-02-11 15:07:42 Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 ModDate: 2022-02-11 15:08:25 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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2022-Impact-Fee-Estimate.pdf

Production data from DEP. Bcf is billion cubic feet. 2022 is estimated by the IFO. Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-11-01 12:16:34 ModDate: 2022-11-01 12:16:34 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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2021_Impact_Fee_Estimate.pdf

assumed to be $0.80 per mcf based on investor presentations for several regional producers. Author: Jesse Bushman Creator: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365 CreationDate: 2022-01-18 17:41:27 ModDate: 2022-01-18 17:41:27 Producer: Microsoft® Word for Microsoft 365

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2020_Impact_Fee_Estimate.pdf

80 per mcf based on investor presentations for several regional producers. CreationDate: 2021-01-05 19:32:18 Creator: Microsoft® Word 2016 ModDate: 2021-01-05 19:51:48 Producer: Microsoft® Word 2016

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Pensions

service purchase authorization for members of PSERS. Previously, members were required to qualify for membership in PSERS each year by working a minimum of 500 hours or 80 days annually. Under Act 120, any school employee who qualifies for membership will a member of the System and be credited for all service without regard to the number of hours or days worked in future years, eliminating the need to purchase previous NQPTS in the future. Beginning July 1, 2011, current active members

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TC_2023_Waterfront_Development.pdf

pletion report is largely in narrative format, does not contain consistent metrics and is therefore not easily compiled. DCED should work to develop consistent economic metrics (e.g., number of new jobs created, number and type of new businesses created, actual

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Tax_Credit_and_PBB_Overview_2019-01-24.pdf

at $3 million per annum.  13 states offer uncapped amounts: MO ($154m); VA/LA (~$90m). Stakeholders note process generally works well.  Main concern: predictable dates for allocations each year.  Credit is oversubscribed every year. Not predictable.  They

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TaxCredit and PBB Overview- 2019-01-24.pptx

end at $3 million per annum. ▪ 13 states offer uncapped amounts: MO ($154m); VA/LA (~$90m). Stakeholders note process generally works well. ▪ Main concern: predictable dates for allocations each year. ▪ Credit is oversubscribed every year. Not predictable. ▪ They note that credit

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TaxCredit and PBB Overview- 2019-01-24.pdf

at $3 million per annum.  13 states offer uncapped amounts: MO ($154m); VA/LA (~$90m). Stakeholders note process generally works well.  Main concern: predictable dates for allocations each year.  Credit is oversubscribed every year. Not predictable.  They

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Supplemental_Table.pdf

dll Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2018-02-14 14:40:13 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 15.0 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - Supplemental

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SR2017-03.pdf

1997” (Congressional Budget Office, October 2001) and “Tax Foundation State-Local Tax Burden Estimates: An Overview of Methodology” (Tax Foundation, Working Paper 10, March 2014). The adjustments are based on data from state tax returns (published by the IRS) and Tables

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Smetters_Presentation_Full.pdf

2035 2040 Percent Change Year Low r High r Penn Wharton Budget Model 7 Percent Change from Current Law Hours Worked 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 Percent

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Senate Budget Hearing Request.pdf

Wolters Kluwer CCH IntelliConnect. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-03-10 18:40:59 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2017-03-10 18:41:00 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20170310184055

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Revenue_Estimate_Performance_Dec_2017.pdf

Deviation) Author: Matthew Knittel Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-12-27 18:56:43 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2018-01-16 18:46:45 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20171227185633

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Revenue_Estimate_2016-06-15_Snapshot.pdf

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Revenue_Estimate_2016-06-15_Release.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2016-06-15 18:21:05 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.16 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - IFO Press Release - 6-15-2016

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Revenue_Estimate_2015-06-15_Snapshot.pdf

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Revenue_Estimate_2015-06-15_Release.pdf

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Revenue_Estimate_2015-05-04_Release.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2015-05-04 14:33:34 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.13 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - IFO Revenue Estimate Press Release - 5-4-2015

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Revenue_Estimate_2014-06-16_Snapshot.pdf

due to rounding. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2014-06-16 16:41:52 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2014-06-16 16:41:57 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20140616164117

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Revenue_Estimate_2014-06-16_Release.pdf

717-230-8293 # # Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2014-06-16 18:20:08 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2014-06-16 18:20:09 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20140616181959

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Revenue-Estimate-Performance_2022_10.pdf

Estimate Performance | Page 7 Company: Microsoft ContentTypeId: 0x0101007286B3A41AAE134DA202BF9306CA733E CreationDate: 2022-10-12 15:52:13 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 20 for Word ModDate: 2022-10-12 15:52:38 Order: 3964800.000000 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 20.5.199

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Revenue-Estimate-Performance-2020-09.pdf

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Revenue-Estimate-Performance-2018-07.pdf

2015. Author: Matthew Knittel Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2018-07-25 13:28:59 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2018-07-25 13:29:01 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20180725132808

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Revenue-Estimate-2019-05.pdf

who have found it more difficult to fill vacant positions. These conditions are partly driven by a contracting working age cohort between the ages of 20 and 64. Demographics data show that the contraction began in 2012 as the first baby

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Revenue Trends Report - July 2013.pdf

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RB_2023_03_Expiration_of_the_Enhanced_FMAP.pdf

or other criteria will be redetermined to either (1) qualify for another Medicaid-funded program (e.g., Medical Assistance for Workers with Disabilities) or (2) no longer qualify for any DHS program (disenrolled). DHS projects that it will need roughly 12

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RB_2022_08 County Income Patterns.pdf

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RB_08_2023_County_Income_Patterns.pdf

ifo.state.pa.us. Company: Microsoft ContentTypeId: 0x0101007286B3A41AAE134DA202BF9306CA733E CreationDate: 2023-08-24 16:51:46 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 20 for Word ModDate: 2023-08-24 16:52:23 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 20.5.50

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RB-2015-02-annual_vs_lifetime_ETR.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2015-02-27 14:54:54 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.9 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - Handout March 28 final

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RB 2019 County Income Patterns.pdf

dll Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2019-09-04 18:47:16 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 15.0 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - Final Draft

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QRR_2016Q1.pdf

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QRR_2015Q4.pdf

account. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2016-02-01 17:01:46 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2016-02-01 17:01:51 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20160201170105

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QRR_2015Q3_preliminary.pdf

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QRR_2015Q3.pdf

games. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2015-10-23 20:58:43 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2015-10-23 20:58:46 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20151023205543

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QRR_2015Q2.pdf

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QRR_2015Q1.pdf

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QRR_2014Q4.pdf

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QRR_2014Q2.pdf

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QRR_2013Q4.pdf

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QRR_2013Q3.pdf

account. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2013-12-31 17:31:09 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2013-12-31 17:31:12 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20131231172823

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QRE_FY15-16.pdf

and commissions. Author: Karen Maynard Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2015-09-17 15:45:50 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2015-09-17 15:45:52 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20150917154456

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QRE_FY14-15.pdf

Author: Karen Maynard Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2014-08-14 17:18:17 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2014-08-14 17:18:20 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20140814171804

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Presentation_2017_02_10_EPLC.pdf

starting. Labor force participation rates also climb for 65+.  Impact on economy unclear. Productivity and wages lower? Decline in working age population. Demographic Takeaways 10.Feb.2017 6 PA Snapshot: 2015 to 2025 10.Feb.2017 7 Age Cohort Number

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Presentation_2016-06-08_GPNP_Budget_Outlook.pdf

for entire year. Pennsylvania Economic Outlook 8.Jun.2016 10 Long‐Term Budget Trends Changing Demographics Impact Longer‐Term Outlook Working Age Population Projected to Decline Wave of Retirements Next Decade All Demographic Projections from the Penn State Data Center; Reflects

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Presentation-2018-10-Performance-Based-Budget-Board.pdf

levels by line-item appropriation. Wage complement is budgeted for separately. 9 October 15, 2018 Performance Measures  IFO will work with agencies to evaluate and develop performance measures based on a review of current measures in Pennsylvania and other states

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Presentation-2018-07-NCSL.pdf

Pre-Conference Perspective of the Pennsylvania Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) Mark J. Ryan Deputy Director July 29, 2018  IFO work involving stress testing is connected to its analysis of pension-related legislation.  No analysis without legislative proposal changing pensions

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Presentation-2018-06-PICPA.pdf

Corporations use revenues from the tax cut to (1) pay dividends, (2) repurchase shares, (3) purchase equipment/structures, (4) pay workers, (5) pay down debt, (6) reduce prices or (7) simply retain the funds. The computation assumes that one-third of

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Presentation-2018-06-Philly-Pitt-Chambers.pdf

Corporations use revenues from the tax cut to (1) pay dividends, (2) repurchase shares, (3) purchase equipment/structures, (4) pay workers, (5) pay down debt, (6) reduce prices or (7) simply retain the funds. The computation assumes that one-third of

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Presentation-2018-06-PASBO.pdf

Corporations use revenues from the tax cut to (1) pay dividends, (2) repurchase shares, (3) purchase equipment/structures, (4) pay workers, (5) pay down debt, (6) reduce prices or (7) simply retain the funds. The computation assumes that one-third of

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PICA_Presentation_2020_11.pdf

included with state government. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. COVID-19 Produces Permanent Structural Changes Telecommuting and remote working  Gasoline consumption down ~10% | ~$1.5 billion spending (redirected)  Excess supply in commercial real estate rental market 

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PEW_Presentation(Video).pptx

taxincentives With evaluations, states can… • Make subtle changes to incentives to increase their return on investment • Identify programs that are working well, so that the state can invest in them with confidence • Repeal or replace ineffective or obsolete incentives pewtrusts.org

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PEW_Presentation(Video).ppsx

taxincentives With evaluations, states can… • Make subtle changes to incentives to increase their return on investment • Identify programs that are working well, so that the state can invest in them with confidence • Repeal or replace ineffective or obsolete incentives pewtrusts.org

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Sept_28_2021.pdf

Autism Programs) and Activity 11 (County MH Programs): Staff turnover and average wages for contracted or third-party direct care workers that provide care to individuals served through child welfare, intellectual disabilities and mental health services programs Department of Military and

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Request_May_4_2021.pdf

Susquehanna, Venango, Wayne or Wyoming counties. Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2021-04-30 18:18:26 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2021-05-04 12:28:41 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Jan_11_2023.pdf

Avail. & Red. Error -- -- -- -- $194.5 -- $194.5 Reinsurance $140.5 -- -- -- -- -- 140.5 Underground Stor. Tank Ind. -- -- -- -- 56.9 -- 56.9 Workers' Comp. Sec. -- -- -- -- 39.0 -- 39.0 Ins. Reg. & Oversight 5.9 $3.0 $5.2 $11.0 1.5 $7

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PBB_Board_Hearing_Jan_09_2023.pdf

improve retention/recruitment, 295 practitioners received loan repayments (avg $68,100) January 9, 2023 12 DDAP Metric Highlights (Continued) DDAP works to improve care ▪ In partnership with DHS/other stakeholders, DDAP ensures alignment with ASAM criteria ▪ 70% of prevention services were

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PBB_Board_Amend_03_09_22.pdf

school district in a table format. ContentTypeId: 0x01010003113D8A688F774EA20F6F154EA46AA6 CreationDate: 2022-03-10 18:10:21 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2022-04-25 13:16:00 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0

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PBB-Overview-2019-01-22.pdf

funds service various measures. Compute actual spending and FTE per activity.  Include all funding sources. Exclude lapses and vacancies. Work with agencies to develop useful metrics.  Time needed to develop quality outcome metrics. January 22, 2019 2 PBB Timeline

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PBB-Board-Hearings-Schedule-2019.pdf

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PBB-Board-Hearing-Agenda-January 2019-Revised.pdf

Comments/Adjournment Author: kkreiser Company: Senate of Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2019-01-23 16:44:32 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 11 for Word ModDate: 2019-01-23 18:52:41 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 11.0 SourceModified: D:20190123164426

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PBB Board Hearing Agenda- January 2019.pdf

PHMC 12:00pm Adjournment Company: Senate of Pennsylvania CreationDate: 2019-01-15 17:35:44 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 11 for Word ModDate: 2019-01-16 18:35:55 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 11.0 SourceModified: D:20190109183637

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PA_Assoc_of_Community_Bankers_Presentation_2020_12.pdf

included with state government. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. COVID-19 Produces Permanent Structural Changes Telecommuting and remote working  Gasoline consumption down ~10% | ~$1.5 billion spending (redirected)  Excess supply in commercial real estate rental market 

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PACB_Presentation_2021_8.pdf

issues ▪ Strong wage gains show up more recently A permanent reduction in payroll jobs ▪ What happens if or when former workers attempt to rejoin labor force? August 25, 2021 7 CreationDate: 2021-08-25 13:04:51 Creator: Microsoft® PowerPoint® for

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Official_Revenue_Estimate_Methodology_2023_06.pdf

Accounts, any payments made by employers on behalf of employees for health or life insurance, life insurance proceeds, unemployment compensation, worker’s compensation, compensation for certain military service and most educational grants and scholarships. Methodology The personal income tax (PIT) model

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novak ppt.pdf

Thoughts • Economist and forecasting agencies often differ in their outlook, use more than one. • Unlikely to find a method that works indefinitely. • Buy local. Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) Real GDP (%) Unemployment Rate (%) Payrolls (000s/month) Previous New Previous New Previous

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Newsstand_March_2020.pdf

is expected to contract significantly due to retail clo- sures, event and travel cancelations and the reduction or elimination of work hours for some employees. 2019 Employment Data Revised Upward On March 16, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released

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Newsstand_January_2020.pdf

the unemployment rate was due to a positive factor—more people joining the labor force, rather than more people not working. Under these conditions, a decline of the leading index raises less concerns. State Population Barely Grew in 2019 On December

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NewsStand_2019_June.pdf

people and 44.3 for Pennsylvania. The average national age for an overdose fatality was 41, which is considered prime working age. June 2019 National News College Enrollment Declines On May 30, the Wall Street Journal reported that Spring 2019 college

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NewsStand_2019_July.pdf

by private wealth or state Medicaid programs. Student Debt Cancellation Led to General Deleveraging The July NBER Digest summarized a working paper that explored the link between student debt, other forms of credit utilization and labor market outcomes. Using a natural

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Newsstand_2018_November.pdf

for manufacturers (7.9%), moderate growth for retailers (3.8%) and strong growth for wholesalers (7.8%). Which U.S. Workers Have Received Real Pay Raises? An October analysis of Current Population Survey data by the website Governing finds that median

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MTR-2016-11.pdf

from the first quarter of 2011 to the third quarter of 2016. The solid blue line represents the number of workers engaged in drilling oil or gas wells. This series peaked in the fourth quarter of 2011 and has since declined

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MTR-2016-03.pdf

3%, versus 4.4% for the U.S. The main component of Personal Income is gross earnings by place of work, which includes wages-salaries, employer contributions to health insurance and pension plans, employer contributions to government social insurance (i.e

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MTR-2016-01.pdf

Trends Report 1 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, State Area Employment Data- base. Data exclude military personnel and agricultural workers. 2015 Level Change Since 2007 Number Share Number Percent Mining 36.4 0.6% 15.3 72.4% Construction 238

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MTR-2015-10-Highlights.pdf

COLA for 2016. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2015-11-03 14:37:14 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2015-11-03 14:37:16 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20151103143550

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Monthly_Economic_Update_October_2020.pdf

notable exception is federal government employment, which increased year-over-year (8.9%) due to the temporary hiring of Census workers. However, federal government employment will contract as the decennial Census concludes. Overall, the private sector recorded modest employment gains, while

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Monthly_Economic_Update_November_2020_Final.pdf

also driving an increase in the residential rent market for single-family homes. Many renters, who maintained employment and now work from home, are leaving the city for the suburbs and seek increased space and more affordable locations. This shift has

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Monthly_Economic_Update_May_2020.pdf

68% reported the loan helped them pay bills or prevent furloughs/ layoffs and 31% indicated it allowed them to recall workers back to their jobs. Report Projects Rise in “Deaths of Despair” Due to COVID-19 Recession A recent report published

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Monthly_Economic_Update_June_2020.pdf

COVID-19 virus. Consumers Spent Roughly Half of Federal Economic Impact Payments The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago released a working paper that measured the effects of COVID-19 Economic Impact Payments on consumer spending. Debit card spending patterns were tracked

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Monthly_Economic_Update_July_2022.pdf

expected in the winter.)  Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The current LFPR remains far below pre-pandemic averages, but has increased notably since January. Higher

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Monthly_Economic_Update_January_2021.pdf

15,700 jobs, not seasonally adjusted) from November 2019. These jobs include elementary and secondary school teachers, teachers’ aids, clerical workers and other support staff. State education jobs declined 14.4% (-9,100) from the prior year. These include employees of

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Monthly_Economic_Update_February_2021.pdf

e-cigarette flavors. Possible reasons for stronger than expected cigarette and tobacco sales include: increased stress, unregulated breaks and remote working. Pennsylvania Private Employment Fell 14.6% in 2020 Q2 The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released the Business Employment

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Monthly_Economic_Update_August_2022.pdf

are expected in the winter.) • Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR). The share of state residents age 16 or older who work or actively seek employment. The LFPR increased since January, but has been stagnant at 61.7% since May 2022 and

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Monthly_Economic_Update_April_2022.pdf

From 2020 Q2 to 2021 Q1, average wage growth appeared very high due to the disproportionate contraction of lower-wage workers. The latest three quarters of data show that average wages are growing at a rate similar to the CPI-U

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mid-year-FY16-17-press-release.pdf

Knittel, 717-230-8293 # # # Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-01-25 21:08:58 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2017-01-25 21:08:58 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20170125210849

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mid-year-FY14-15-press-release.pdf

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mid-year-FY14-15-presentation.pdf

Presentation 28.Jan.2015 3 2014 2015 2016 Notes Real GDP June 2014 1.6% 1.8% n.a. low worker productivity Jan 2015 1.2% 1.5% 1.7% Philadelphia CPI‐U June 2014 1.7% 2.2% n.a

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MER-2015-03.pdf

2010 to 2011, while the share of owners dropped. This new relationship contin‐ ues to the present day. A recent working paper from the Harvard University Joint Center on Housing Studies confirms that this is a national trend, and may signifi‐

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MER-2015-02.pdf

below $50,000. These sectors may have lower average wag‐ es because they include a disproportionate number of part‐time workers. Conversely, wholesale trade ($73,400), professional and business services ($71,000), construction, natural resources and min‐ ing ($63,100) and

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Medicaid_Expansion_Report_Note_on_Revisions.pdf

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Like-Kind_Exchange_Analysis.pdf

B. Firm B does not want Firm A's rental property, but would like a property owned by Firm C. Working through a qualified intermediary, Firm A's property is sold for cash used to buy the property of Firm C

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Labor_Market_Update_Sept_2021.pdf

Expiration This document provides a monthly update on the status of the state labor market and the pool of potential workers who may re-enter the workforce this fall. Based on the latest data for August 2021, Pennsylvania payroll jobs contracted

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Labor_Market_Update_June_2021.pdf

Stalls This document provides a monthly update on the status of the state labor market and the pool of potential workers who may seek to re-enter the workforce this summer and fall. For 2021 Q1, the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO

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Labor_Market_Update_Aug_2021.pdf

Remains This document provides a monthly update on the status of the state labor market and the pool of potential workers who may re-enter the workforce this fall. Based on the latest data for July 2021, Pennsylvania payroll jobs continue

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Initial_Estimate_May_2017_Press_Release.pdf

Knittel, 717-230-8293 Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-05-02 16:52:06 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2017-05-02 16:52:07 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20170502155955

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Initial_Estimate_May_2017_Presentation.pdf

strong labor market.  Business investment disappoints, but picking up.  Natural gas prices collapsed; lower royalty payments. Technical factors work in same direction.  Income growth does not translate into spending growth.  Recent demographic trends do not reverse. • Net

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Impact_Fee_Update_Outlook_2022.pdf

state.pa.us. Author: Jesse Bushman ContentTypeId: 0x0101007286B3A41AAE134DA202BF9306CA733E CreationDate: 2022-06-21 15:48:40 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 20 for Word ModDate: 2022-06-21 15:48:42 Order: 1017800.000000 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 20.5.126

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IFO_Revenue_Estimate_2013-14_Mid-Year_Update.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2014-01-23 15:45:15 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.8 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - public document -v2

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IFO_Letter_to_the_SCC.pdf

cc: Kelly O’Donnell Josh Phoebus Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2021-06-03 17:14:51 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2021-06-03 18:55:21 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20210603171419

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IFO-RTK-Request-Form.pdf

06 19:57:11 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 8.1 for Word ModDate: 2019-03-26 13:25:39 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 8.1.0 (Windows) SourceModified: D:20111004180811

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IFO-Presentation-11-14-2019.pdf

out-migration  Majority of in-migrants from border states Continued dramatic change in age composition  School Age and Working Age cohorts continue to contract  Retirement wave continues | Begin to see dramatic increase in age 80+ November 14, 2019

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Grow PA 12.3.2019.pdf

0 to 19 School Age 3,040 2,965 2,901 -75 -64 -0.5% -0.4% 20 to 64 Working Age 7,569 7,414 7,210 -155 -204 -0.4% -0.6% 65 to 79 Retirees 1,562 1

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Five_Year_Outlook_2017_PSERS_State_Share_Update.pdf

in dollar millions. Author: Charlene Raves Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-12-12 20:51:05 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2017-12-12 20:51:06 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20171212200220

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Five_Year_Outlook_2017_Presentation.pdf

Position: Senior Manager  Economic development tax incentives project.  Ensure tax incentives are effective, accountable and fiscally sound.  Work with states to develop and implement best practices. Previous Experience and Education  Provided research and analysis on local and

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County_Property_Tax_Burden_Aug_2021.pdf

dll Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2021-08-25 16:14:04 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 15.0 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - County-Property-Tax-Burden-Aug-2021.docx

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Briefing_Info_May_3_2016.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2016-04-27 20:59:43 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.16 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - Briefing_May_3_2016

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Announcement_2021.pdf

click on the link to register and receive an invitation to the briefing, which will be held virtually. Why have workers departed the state labor force? How long will inflation remain elevated? Does any pent-up demand remain from unspent federal

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Announcement-Updated_Revenue_Estimates_and_Report.pdf

230-8293. Author: Mark Ryan Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2016-01-21 21:21:17 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 for Word ModDate: 2016-01-21 21:21:17 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 10.0 SourceModified: D:20160121212109

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ACN_SB1_technical_corrections_2017_06_05.pdf

enactment of the bill. Author: MJR Company: Microsoft CreationDate: 2017-06-05 19:23:50 Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 15 for Word ModDate: 2017-06-05 19:23:50 Producer: Adobe PDF Library 15.0 SourceModified: D:20170605192332

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2019_Wage_Contract_Summary_Table.pdf

30/2023 11/6/2019 4.3 9.3 14.8 19.7 48.1 UFCW United Food and Commercial Workers 7/1/2019 6/30/2023 8/12/2019 2.6 5.9 9.5 12.7 30.7 UGSOA

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2018_Mid-Year_Update.pdf

Corporations use revenues from the tax cut to (1) pay dividends, (2) repurchase shares, (3) purchase equipment/structures, (4) pay workers, (5) pay down debt, (6) reduce prices or (7) simply retain the funds. The computation assumes that one-third of

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2015_Economic_and_Budget_Outlook.pdf

Version 5.2.2 ModDate: 2015-11-16 22:16:26 Producer: Acrobat Distiller 10.1.16 (Windows) Title: Microsoft Word - Economic and Budget Outlook - 2015 Presentation_2

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2013-06 Monthly Economic Summary - FINAL.pdf

Office Commonwealth of Pennsylvania The natural gas industry in Pennsylvania has expanded rapidly since the early 2000s. The Center for Work- force Information and Analysis (within the Pennsylva- nia Department of Labor and Industry) has identified six core industries for natural

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2012-09 Monthly Economic Summary 7.pdf

3 percent by 2030. These two age cohorts will comprise roughly equal portions of the PA population by 2030. The working age cohort between 20 and 64 declines by roughly four percentage points over that time span. Some of the best

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2001_hr266.pdf

14 process is statutorily controlled and can often be politically 15 charged, employee benefits do not reflect a more transient work 16 force, plan design is relatively inflexible and the employee 17 does not directly share in heightened investment returns except

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Pensions

salary (adjusted annually by an amount equal to the increase in the Consumer Price Index), less the amount of any workers' compensation or pension benefit payable to an eligible beneficiary; 2) repeal Section 5(e)(2) of the Municipal Police Pension

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