Economics and Other

IFO Releases

Young Workers Leave PA Workforce

December 08, 2022 | Economics and Other

The IFO published a new research brief that examines the age composition of the PA workforce using the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Since the onset of the pandemic, the data show significant reductions in workforce participation rates for workers under age 35. Workforce participation rates declined for older workers too, but contractions were notably more moderate.

Tags: brief, reduction, research, worker

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Tax Incentives Without ROI

October 26, 2022 | Economics and Other

Michaela Miller gave a brief presentation at the FTA Revenue Estimation and Tax Research Conference on evaluating the effectiveness of tax incentives without ROI. The REAP tax credit was used as a case study.

Tags: incentives, roi, tax

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Where Did the Workers Go?

October 25, 2022 | Economics and Other

This research brief updates a prior release in August 2022 to show data for more recent months and new demographic projections from the IFO’s Demographic Outlook report.

The IFO published a research brief that examines the factors that caused the PA labor force to contract by 120,000 workers since the start of the pandemic. The updated research brief focuses on the interaction between recent and projected demographic trends and the contraction of the state labor force.


Tags: brief, demographics, labor, research

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2022 Demographic Outlook

October 05, 2022 | Economics and Other

Section 604-B (a)(2) of the Administrative Code of 1929 specifies that the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) shall “provide an assessment of the state’s current fiscal condition and a projection of what the fiscal condition will be during the next five years. The assessment shall take into account the state of the economy, demographics, revenues and expenditures.” This report fulfills the demographics obligation for the IFO’s release of the Economic and Budget Outlook for Fiscal Years 2022-23 to 2027-28.

Tags: demographic, demographics, outlook

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Do SNAP Changes Impact Work Incentives?

September 29, 2022 | Economics and Other

A new IFO research brief examines the impact on SNAP benefits from the ongoing public health emergency that eliminates the income phase-out and the recent expansion of income thresholds from 160% to 200% of federal poverty income guidelines (FPIG). Due to the elimination of the income phase-out, recipients face a vertical all-or-nothing benefits cliff. Research finds that vertical cliffs provide strong disincentives.

Tags: brief, research, snap

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Student Loan Debt Forgiveness

August 31, 2022 | Economics and Other

The IFO published a research brief that uses a national analysis from the Penn Wharton Budget Model and data from the U.S. Department of Education to estimate the impact on Pennsylvania borrowers from student loan debt relief and other proposed changes to the federal program.

Tags: brief, debt, loan, student

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County Income Patterns

August 16, 2022 | Economics and Other

This research brief uses the latest published data to generate maps and county rankings of recent demographic and income trends. The release highlights population change, personal income growth and per capita amounts for all counties in the Commonwealth.

Tags: brief, county, incomes, research

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Pennsylvania's Gasoline Tax

June 13, 2022 | Economics and Other

The IFO published a research brief that examines the Pennsylvania gasoline tax, which comprises 55% of Motor License Fund revenues. Although Pennsylvania levies the highest gasoline tax rate in the nation, the analysis finds that collections have not kept pace with the rising cost of road construction. This outcome is largely the result of the tax structure, which is tied to the average wholesale price of fuel and has not increased since 2018. For FY 2021-22, the IFO estimates that the annual gasoline tax burden per licensed Pennsylvania driver is $285.

Tags: brief, gasoline, research, tax

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Inflation's Impact on the Pennsylvania Economy

June 07, 2022 | Economics and Other

On June 8, Director Matthew Knittel will make a brief presentation to the House Majority Policy Committee on the impact of inflation on the state economy and budget.

Tags: economy, inflation, pennsylvania

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PA Residents Migrating to Southern States

June 02, 2022 | Economics and Other

The IFO posted a research brief that uses recent IRS tax data to track migration between states for 2019 and 2020. The IRS data show large net inflows from most border states and net outflows to southern states, most notably Florida. Net outflows were much heavier for residents age 55 and older.

Tags: brief, migration, research

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