Releases

Property Tax

IFO Releases

Updated School District Property Tax Forecast

January 09, 2017 | Property Tax

Letter updating the IFO's forecast of school district property tax collections for FY 2015-16 through FY 2021-22. The letter also includes projections of school district debt service payments and earned income tax collections for FY 2015-16 through FY 2021-22.

Total school property tax collections for FY 2015-16 ($13.6 billion) and FY 2016-17 ($13.9 billion) are estimated using millage rates published by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. For FY 2017-18 through FY 2021-22, collections are projected based on a forecast of the Act 1 index and exceptions. During that period, total school property tax collections are projected to grow by an average annual rate of 3.5 percent, reaching $16.5 billion by FY 2021-22.

Prior reports / references: (1) 2013 IFO analysis of HB / SB 76 and (2) 2014 update of the school property tax forecast.

Full Report

The Effect of Act 1 of 2015

April 17, 2015 | Property Tax

Letter discussing the effect of Act 1, which uses an index to limit the ability of school districts to increase real property millage rates (April 2015).

Full Report

Property Tax Rebate Estimate

March 11, 2015 | Property Tax

Letter providing estimates for a potential proposal to give homestead owners school property tax rebates equal to the statewide average school property tax paid (March 2015).

Full Report

Updated School District Property Tax Forecast

December 12, 2014 | Property Tax

Letter updating the IFO's forecast of school property tax collections for FY 2013-14 through FY 2019-20 (December 2014). 

Full Report

Fiscal Implications of a York County School District Consolidation

December 12, 2014 | Property Tax

The report provides potential consolidation savings and costs for 15 York County school districts and computes the real estate tax millage using various earned income tax rates and administrative savings scenarios.

Full Report

Analysis of House Bill 1693 (2013)

December 17, 2013 | Property Tax

Letter providing data on the share of residential and nonresidential property assessments by county (December 2013).
The letter was in response to a request regarding HB 1693, which was a proposed constitutional amendment permitting different millage rates for residential and nonresidential property.  

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Analysis of school property taxes paid by homeowners age 70 and older

October 29, 2013 | Property Tax

Letter providing an analysis of school property taxes paid by homeowners age 70 and older (October 2013).
The analysis presents a preliminary assessment of data on the cost of a school property tax freeze for those homeowners and a brief discussion of factors that affect the cost of a freeze over the long-term.

Full Report

Analysis of Proposal to Replace School Property Taxes: House Bill 76 and Senate Bill 76

October 01, 2013 | Property Tax

This report presents the results from an analysis of House Bill 76 and Senate Bill 76 performed by the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO). The proposed legislation eliminates local school district property taxes and replaces those funds with sales and use and personal income taxes, as well as monies redirected from the Property Tax Relief Fund.

  • Presentation to the Senate Finance Committee on 10/15/2013.
  • Data for the graphs in section 4 of the report that display the annual and cumulative changes in personal income, sales and school property tax collections.
  • Introduction, which contains summary results from the report.
Full Report

Projections of school property taxes paid by Pennsylvania homesteads

September 16, 2013 | Property Tax

Letter containing projections of the school property taxes paid by Pennsylvania homesteads (September 2013). 

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Analysis of Michigan Property Tax Reform

September 16, 2013 | Property Tax

This report presents the results from an analysis of the Michigan property tax reform known as Proposal A. Enacted in 1994, Proposal A replaced all local property taxes used for school operating purposes with higher sales and use, realty transfer and tobacco taxes. It also created a distinction between homestead and nonhomestead property to facilitate the statewide levy of uniform property taxes on those classes of property. The report makes extensive use of data published by various Michigan executive and legislative agencies to illustrate the impact of property tax reform on tax revenues, millage rates, per pupil funding levels and the property tax base over the past two decades.

Full Report